Safeguarding Vulnerable Adults
What is Safeguarding?
Safeguarding is the protection of a vulnerable individual and the prevention of abuse and neglect against them. It means empowering an individual and giving them full support in order for them to maintain a happy life. It exists so that everyone has equal opportunities to access care and health providers in order for them to maintain a positive attitude and good health. Who is a vulnerable adult?
‘’A person who is 18 years or over, and who may be in need of community care services by reason of mental or other disability, age or illness and who is or may be unable to take care of themselves, or unable to protect themselves against significant harm or serious exploitation’’ (Caerphilly Country Borough Council , 2009)
Human Rights Act 1998- Came into force in the UK in October 2000 It is composed of sections that are protected by the European Convention on Human Rights. All public bodies have to carry out these rights. Individuals can take human rights cases into domestic courts. (Equality and Human Rights Commission, 2014) Mental Capacity Act 2005 amended 2007- Designed to protect people who cannot make decisions for themselves or lack the capacity to do so. Under this act it is presumed that a person can make their own decisions unless proven otherwise. (NHS, n.d.) NHS and Community Care Act 2008-regulation, direct, payments, Equalities Act 2010- Most significant piece of equality legalisation. Simplifies/strengthens law. Works based on age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage or civil partnership, race, religion or belief, sex, sexual orientation. This helps to prevent discriminatory abuse by making it illegal to discriminate against anyone with a protected characteristic. It also protects people from different types of discrimination for example third party discrimination and discrimination by association. This means that if the correct policies and procedures are being followed in the health and social care setting discrimination should not take place due to consequences that could arise. If people are following the guidance of this act it means that staff members should be whistleblowing on their colleagues if they catch them abusing others, this will lead to them getting fired and therefore an overall decrease in the risk of abuse. (gov.uk, 2010) Domestic Violence Crimes and Victims Act 2004- the way in which instances of domestic violence are dealt with by the courts, together with measures to improve treatment of victims and people who have witness domestic crimes (Roger Bird, March 2005) SVG Act 2006 (Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act)- Controlling who should be working with vulnerable adults and children, Vetting and Barring scheme will deal with activities that are classified as ‘controlled’ (Independant Safeguarding Authority, 2006) Mental Health Act 2010- People can be detained, admitted and treated under different sections of this act. Allows people to have supervised treatment after a period of compulsory hospital treatment. For people with a ‘mental disorder’ for example bipolar, depression, schizophrenia. (Rethink Mental Illness, n.d.) Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974- Anyone who is convicted of a criminal offence in which the sentence is below 2.5 years benefits from this act. Their conviction can become ‘spent’ as long as they are not convicted in their ‘rehabilitation period’. Exceptions if working with vulnerable people and children. (Safeguarding Matters, 2011) The Police Act 1997- When permitted it allows broader access to the criminal records of job applicants. (By the time they reach 30, a third of men have criminal records excluding monitoring offences) (Del Roy Fletcher, Alan Taylor, Stphen Hughes, Jonathan Breeze, 2001) Minimum Standards and the Care Home Regulations 2003- Sets out National Minimum Standards of which apply to all care homes, providing accommodation and nursing or personal care for older...
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