Children Act 1989 - Parents and professionals must work to ensure the safety of the child. Local Authority has ‘a duty to investigate when there is a reasonable cause to suspect that a child suspect that a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. Children Act 2004 - This provides the legal framework for Every Child Matters. It includes the requirement for: Services to work more closely, forming an integrated service. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 - which ensure that children are safe and looked after, children have the right to be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect, negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse by those looking after them. Working Together to Safeguard Children 2006 - This sets out the duties of organisations and how they must work together to safeguard children and young people. The Education Act 2002 - This sets out the responsibilities of Local Education Authorities (LEAs), Governing bodies, head teachers and all those working in schools to ensure that children are safe and free from harm. EYFS (Early years foundation stage) is put in place which defines the legal standards and requirements for promoting the care, learning and development of children from birth to 5 years. Depending where in the UK you are the early years framework for your home nation will vary.
1.2 Explain child protection with the wider concept of safeguarding children and young people. The following policies are put in place to protect children and young people.
Employment & Risk assessment
Health and safety
Child protection is part of the wider concept to help safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people, to protect children that are being neglected or abused. It protects children from being mistreated and prevent impairment of a child’s development and health to ensure that they are raised in safe, positive way and in a caring environments. Parents and carers who fail to protect or care for their child could potentially be taken to court, and may also have the child removed from the home and put in care of foster parents. Although, it all depends on the seriousness of the case, only when the risk of harm in continuous would services be forced to remove a child, as they will work with the family to protect children. Risk Assessments are put in place to providing safe environments inside and outside of the work setting. Procedures and Legislation such as: health and safety, fire drills, registers, etc are continuously used to ensure safeguarding of children are being followed. Keeping training up-to-date by all staff in safeguarding issues and constantly monitored. Assessment of observations to help to identify any additional support that is needed for each member of staff. CRB checks are done by all members of staff that work with or around any children, young people or vulnerable adults to ensure the child's/vulnerable adult's safety.
As explained above, the Statutory Guidance for the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) shows that child protection is part of the welfare and safeguarding requirements. It is supported by the positive outcomes of Every Child Matters and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) that places a duty of care onto childcare practitioners and their managers to safeguard children and young people and promote their welfare. 1.3 Analyse how national and local guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding affect day to day work with children and young people. There are many different guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people that will affect the daily work. These relate to:- Childcare Practice – Any setting that provides care for children and young people must have policies and procedures which cover every part of safeguarding. These should include policies and procedures for the following:-
-Health and Safety
-Any contact with children such as performing personal care -Visitors or outings
• Child Protection – there are policies and procedures for safeguarding, which say that employees, students and volunteers should be thoroughly checked for suitability, eligibility and CRB checked (Enhanced Criminal Records Bureau) before they are allowed to begin working with children or young people. Child Protection is also part of the safeguarding and welfare requirements of the EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage) Statutory Guidance. • Supporting children and young people and others who expresses concerns – If a child, parent, or other practitioners were to express a concern, you should show empathy, be supportive and seek advice and support from my manager, as well as the designated Child Protection Officer.
• Risk Assessment – Risk assessments are a vital part of safeguarding children. Before letting any children out to play you need to ensure a risk assessment is completed to ensure all child's safety. The area needs to be healthy and safe for them to play in. 1.4 Explain when and why inquires and serious case reviews are required and how the sharing of the findings informs practice. A SCR (Serious Case Review) should be considered when a child sustains a potentially life threatening injury or serious physical or mental health impairment and development because of abuse or neglect, if the child has been seriously harmed because of sexual abuse, if the child has been seriously harmed following a violent assault by another child or an adult, and also if a parent has been murdered and a ‘domestic homicide review is being made under the 'Domestic Violence Act 2004'.
Local authorities are authorities are required to notify Ofsted about any incidents which involve children that are serious enough that may lead to a SCR. This includes when a child has suffered harm as a result of abuse or neglect, died or that have attracted any form of media attention. 1.5 Explain how the processes used by own work setting or service comply with legislation that covers data protection, information handling and sharing
In early years settings, practitioners are made aware of our confidentiality policy that complies with the Data Protection Act 1998. The policy will ensure that we are all working in the setting with confidence. All practitioners must respect the laws of confidentiality, such as:-
• Parents cannot have access to any other child’s records, personal information and/or Learning Story. • Information about children will be kept filed away, and only shared with parents of their child or children or other practitioners if they have a professional need for the information. All personal information about the children, including any social services records is kept safely filed as it's classed as confidential and is only accessible to staff that have access to the locked filing cabinet. Practitioners are not permitted to discuss an individual child with any other than that child’s parent or carer, and information that is given to practitioners by parents should not be passed onto third parties other than other staff who look after the children, which is stated under the Safeguarding and welfare requirements of the EYFS Statutory Guidance.
The Early Years Foundation Stage Statutory Framework states that DPA “The Data Protection Act 1998 gives parents and carers the right to access information about their child that a provider holds. However, the DPA also sets out specific exemptions under which certain personal information may, under specific circumstances, be withheld from release. Further guidance on data protection can be found on the website of the Information Commissioner’s Office at: www.ico.org.uk 2.1 Explain the importance of safeguarding children and young people.
2.2 Explain the importance of child or young person-centred approach.
2.3 Explain what is meant by partnership working in the context of safeguarding. 2.4 Describe the role and responsibilities of the different organisations that may be involved when a child or young person has been abused or harmed
3.1 Explain why it is important to ensure children and young people are protected from harm within the work setting
3.2 Explain policies and procedures that are in place to protect children and young people and adults who work with them.
3.3 Evaluate ways in which concerns about poor practice can be reported whilst ensuring that whistleblowers and those whose practice or behaviour is being questioned are protected.
3.4 Explain how practitioners can take steps to protect themselves within their everyday practice in the work setting and on off site visits.
4.1 Describe the possible signs, symptoms, indicators and behaviours that may cause concern in the context of safeguarding.
4.2 Describe the actions to take if a child or young person alleges harm or abuse in with policies and procedures of own setting.
4.3 Explain the rights that children, young people and their carers have in situations where harm or abuse is suspended or alleged.
5.1 Explain different types of bullying and the potential effects on children and young people.
5.2 Outline the policies and procedures that should be followed in responses to concerns or evidence of bullying and explain the reason why they are in place.
5.3 Explain how to support a child or young person and/or their family when bullying is suspected or alleged.
6.1 Explain how to support children and young people's self-confidence and self-esteem
6.2 Analysis the importance of supporting resilience in children and young people.
6.3 Explain why it is important to work with the child or young person to ensure they have strategies to protect themselves and make decisions about safety.
6.4 Explain ways of empowering children and young people to make positive and informed choices that support their well-being and safety.
7.1 Explain the risks and possible consequences for children and young people of being online and of using a mobile phone.
7.2 Describe ways of reducing risk to children and young people from: Social networking
Using a mobile phone