1.3 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse There are certain factors that have the potential to make individuals more vulnerable to abuse. These include: Not enough trained staff
Staff being under stress/personal issues
Mental awareness of individual i.e. dementia
Greed of the carer
If the carer was abused themselves; may make it more likely for them to become an abuser Communication difficulties
Individuals that do not have good support networks i.e. family/friends/social workers etc.
Know how to respond to suspected or alleged abuse
Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused
Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that they are being abused If suspicions arose that an individual being cared for was being abused or if the individual made an allegation that they were being abused, there are several actions that must be taken as a “duty of care” to that individual. These are as follows: Listen to the individual; do not encourage them to say anything either minimizing the allegation or exaggerating the allegation. Avoid leading questions. Do not judge the individual making the allegation
Record the facts immediately on appropriate paperwork; time may cause important details to be forgotten Report the incident to a manager/someone in authority – may need to consult the police Do not assume that the individual is lying
Do not confront the alleged abuser; may give them time to cover their tracks if the allegation is true Do not tamper with any evidence that may support the allegation Explain to the individual that staff have a responsibility to pass on the allegation to those in authority; do not promise to keep the allegation a secret. Follow the policies and procedures in place for such situations.
Identify ways to ensure that evidence of abuse is preserved It is important that any evidence that abuse has occurred is preserved to ensure action can be taken. Ways to do this are as follows: Take photographs/use body maps if the evidence is physical such as bruises, scratches Record abuse immediately with dates, times and signatures; once documentation is signed it becomes a legal document Ensure that no individual, where possible, has access to the alleged crime scene so that nothing is tampered with either accidentally or deliberately If the abuse is sexual in nature, ensure that the individual and any clothing is not washed Ensure that the alleged abuser does not have any contact with the victim. They may attempt to threaten or intimidate the victim into keeping quiet
Understand the national and local context of safeguarding and protection from abuse
3.1.4 Identify national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse 3.2
Explain the roles of different agencies in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse
National Policies in place relating to safeguarding include: Safeguarding Vulnerable Adults Act 2006
CRB checks – Criminal Records Bureau – ensure criminals and abusers are not allowed to work with vulnerable individuals Human Rights Act 1998 - ensures protection is balanced with choice and control
Local systems relating to safeguarding include:
Safeguarding Adults Boards – a group of agencies set up to provide information on how to report abuse and how to safeguard against it Safeguarding policies and procedures
The police are a point of contact for reporting and investigating abuse and upholding the rights of the individual. They can ensure the perpetrator of the abuse is prosecuted.
CQC – Provide information on how to safeguard vulnerable adults from abuse and the policies and procedures in place to do so. They also inspect care providers and establishments to ensure that vulnerable individuals are being well cared for and protected from all forms of...
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