Topics: Bullying, Abuse, Child abuse Pages: 6 (815 words) Published: June 1, 2014
 CYPW level 2

Physical abuse is when a child is physically hurt or injured. Hitting, kicking, beating with objects, throwing and shaking are all physical abuse. They can cause pain, cuts and bruising, broken bones and sometimes even death. Signs and symptoms of physical abuse:

Unexplained recurrent injuries or burns
Unexplained bruises
Wearing clothes to cover injures, even in hot weather
Refusal to undress for games
Bald patches of hair
Repeated running away
Fear of medical examination
Aggression towards self and others
Fear of physical contact- shrinking back if approached or touched

Emotional abuse is when child is not given love, approval or acceptance. A child may be constantly criticised, blamed, sworn and shouted at, told that other people are better that he or she is and rejected by those the child looks to for attention. Signs and symptoms

Delayed development
Sudden speech problem, such as stammering
Low self-esteem, such as saying I´m stupid/ugly/worthless
Fear of any new situation
Neurotic behaviour, such as rocking, hair twisted or self-mutilation Extremes of withdrawal or aggression

Neglect, which can result in failure to thrive, is when parents or others looking after a child do not provide the child with proper food, warmth, shelter, clothing, care and protection. Signs and symptoms:

Constant hunger
Poor personal hygiene
Constant tiredness
Poor state of clothing
Unusual thinness
Untreated medical problems
Poor social relationships
Stealing food
Destructive tendencies

Sexual abuse occur when a child is forced or persuaded into sexual acts or situations by others. Children might be encouraged to look at pornography, be harassed by sexual suggestion or comments, be touched sexually or forced to have sex. Signs and symptoms:

Sexual knowledge or behaviour that is inappropriate to the child´s age Sudden loss of appetite or compulsive eating
Being isolated or withdrawn
Starting to wet or soil again, day or night
Becoming worried about clothing being removed
Suddenly drawing sexually explicit pictures
Trying to be ´ultra-good´ or perfect and overreacting to criticism

This is also form of abuse that affects older children particularly. It can continue for a long time and can include one or more of the following. Emotional bullying including not speaking and excluding, tormenting, ridicule and humiliation Physical bullying including pushing, kicking, hitting, pinching and other forms of violence Verbal bullying including name-calling, threats, sarcasm, spreading rumours and persistent teasing Racist bullying

The risk that the internet, mobile phones and video games pose to children and young people include cyberbullying, access to unsuitable sites, exposure to commercial sites and danger from adults seeking to exploit children. Reducing risk

The Byron Report identified three key objectives to protect children: Reduce availability
Restrict access
Increase resilience to harmful and inappropriate material online

There are a number of measures available that start to meet some of these objectives, including: Parental controls that allow internet sites with unsuitable material to be limited Blocks on use, such as blocking out sites through content controls Improving the knowledge, skills and understanding around e-safety of children, parents and others responsible adults. Ways in which you can help to improve children´s knowledge and skills include: Making them aware of the dangers

Helping them to develop the skills to recognise danger
Supporting them in dealing with situations they are not happy with.

Action to take in response to concern that colleague may be: Failing to comply with safeguarding procedures.
You need to ´blow the whistle´. The children at risk are the most important people. You should immediately...

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