The Rwandan Genocide was a massacre of an estimated 800,000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus over a 100-day period in 1994. The genocide was an example of ethnic cleansing, as the Hutu group attempted to kill or displace Rwanda's Tutsi minority. Before the European occupation of Rwanda, the Tutsis and Hutus lived different lifestyles. Tutsis and Hutus were separate ethnic groups that lived peacefully with no discrimination or clashes between the groups. After World War 1, Belgium overtook Rwanda as a colony and established the Tutsis as the natural born leaders of the nation. The once peaceful lifestyle that existed in Rwanda was no more, as all Tutsis were given Identity cards to distinguish them from the Hutu subclass. During this period racial tensions started as the Hutus were troubled. The name “Tutsi” and “Hutu” were first given when Rwanda was first settled. They were placed in their group according to the amount of cattle they had, making the “Tutsi”, people who owned the most cattle and the “Hutus”, anyone else. When the Europeans came, the two groups got more of a radical name by “Tutsis” being described as more European because of their appearance: meaning they had lighter skin and were taller than the Hutu group . The beginning of the genocide is usually traced to April 6, 1994 when a plane crashed with Rwanda’s president, Juvenal Habyarimanya on board. The plane crash was caused by a “surface-to-air missile” which led to no survivors on the plane. Ever since 1973, President Habyarimanya, who was a Hutu, had run a government in Rwanda which didn’t allow any Tutsis from joining. However, this changed on August 3, 1993 when the president of Rwanda signed the Arusha Accords. This weakened the power of the Hutus on Rwanda and now allowed the Tutsis to join their form of government which caused frustration in the Hutu group . As soon as the crash of the plane occurred, the Hutu radicals took over the government, blamed the Tutsis responsible for the...
Cited: Chalk , Frank and Kurt Jonassohn. Prevent Genocide International. n.d. Genocide International. 19 May 2013. .
Kaskanian, Joseph . Genocide in Rwanda. n.d. The United Human Rights Council. 28 May 2013. .
Kristi, Renee. The Effects of the Rwandan Genocide | eHow. 31 May 2012. Demand Media. 30 May 2013. .
Rosenberg, Jennifer. About.com 20th Century History. n.d. About.com. 20 May 2013. .
Rwanda: How the genocide happened. 17 May 2011. BBC. 22 May 2013. .
SURF. Statistics | Survivors Fund. n.d. CIA World Factbook on Rwanda. 30 May 2013. .
UDHR Faculties. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, UDHR,. 21 November 2003. UDHR. 30 May 2013. .
UNICEF Press. Rwanda. 4 September 2012. UNICEF. 30 May 2013. .
Walker, Luke. Rwandan Genocide | World Without Genocide. Ed. CHGS . n.d. World Without Genocide. 27 May 2013. .
Please join StudyMode to read the full document