Rutherford B. Hayes

Topics: American Civil War, Rutherford B. Hayes, Ulysses S. Grant Pages: 5 (1687 words) Published: February 22, 2013
Rutherford B. Hayes was the nineteenth President of the United States. President Hayes believed in a meritocratic government, equal treatment, and having America improve through education. Rutherford B. Hayes was known as a truthful and unprejudiced man. Hayes brought to the White House dignity, honesty, and reform. Republicans believed that Hayes is what their party needed to win back the support of voters. Hayes led the United States according to his own beliefs, even if it went against his own political party. President Hayes was a reformer who began the achievements that led to service reform and tried to bring together the divisions that led to the previous American Civil War. When he was president, he managed to end the Reconstruction. Hayes practiced law in Fremont, Ohio and then when the Civil War began he ended his political career and joined the Union Army. After the war, he then served in the United States Congress as a Republican. Rutherford B. Hayes left Congress to run for Governor of Ohio and served three terms as a governor. Hayes was elected President in 1876 in one of the most belligerent elections in American history. He won the election by electoral votes with the Compromise of 1877. This compromised consisted of Hayes promising the Democrats to end military occupation of the South. President Rutherford B. Hayes had many strong view points and he pushed his views throughout his administration. Rutherford B. Hayes was famous for approaching reforms in the civil service by giving federal jobs to people openhandedly based on their amount of value. Their merit was determined through an assessment that each person much take. This modification was a complete turn-around from the previous system of engagement, where sponsorship and effectiveness as political organizers were the foundation for receiving a position as a government employee. This caused rage and disagreement with politicians including the Republican Party, which was not consulted with political appointments Rutherford B. Hayes, asked his secretaries, Carl Schurz and William Evarts, to outline certain bylaws and rules on appointments for federal positions. Following this was internal investigations on dishonesty of different federal bureaus for instance, the New York Custom House and the Postal Service. These investigations were brought about by civil servants being more successful in organizing political events than doing their federal jobs, and have a high inclination for fraud and accepting bribes for the sake of the political party or personal gains ("Totallyhistory," 2011). Rutherford B. Hayes demanded that his meetings must be made on worthiness, rather than political concentration. President Hayes chose men of high capability for his Cabinet. Rutherford B. Hayes selection of Cabinet members offended many Republicans because one of the Cabinet members was formerly a Confederate and another member had dropped out of the party as a Liberal Republican in 1872 ("Rutherford b. hayes," 2011). Hayes, as a Republican and a previous anti-slavery Whig, many of his approaches towards the extreme issue of southern reconstruction were influenced by his own personal ideas. His philosophy was to give southern blacks more rights. When Rutherford B. Hayes took over as President, southern reconstruction was already coming to an end. Troops that were sent to the southern states to enforce unbiased elections and uphold the government’s establishments by Republicans were being pulled out and the Democratic government was starting to rise up again. President Hayes promised the states, which had military presence, that he would emphasize voting rights that is stated in the fifteenth amendment and would also end reconstruction. (McPhee, 2008) Rutherford B. Hayes did this because he realized that our government did not have the adequate resources needed to return to radical form of reconstruction by bringing the troops back to the south. The...

Bibliography: 3. Rutherford b. hayes. (2011). Retrieved from
➢ This source offered me insight on how Hayes insisted that his appointment were made by merits and not the normal way of doing it.
4. Santella, A. (2004). Rutherford b. hayes. Minnesota: Book
➢ This source helped me with the background of President Hayes’ life.
5. TotallyHistory (2011). Rutherford birchard hayes. Retrieved from
➢ This source offered on how Hayes was famous for pushing reforms and giving several jobs based on worthiness.
6. Willams, C. (1928). The life of rutherford birchard hayes. (Vol. 1). Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society.
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