Russian Wto Accession: Achievements, Impacts, Challenges

Topics: World Trade Organization, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Pages: 44 (15239 words) Published: May 25, 2012
Russian WTO accession: Achievements, impacts, challenges By David G. Tarr1

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David G. Tarr, Consultant and Former Lead Economist, The World Bank, MSN MC3-303, The World Bank, 1818 H. St., NW, Washington DC 20433, USA. dtarr@worldbank.org

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract .........................................................................................................................................................3 I. II. Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................4 Quantitative Analysis of the Impact of Russia WTO Accession: The Key Role of Liberalisation of FDI in Services ......................................................................................................................................4

III. The Impact on Russia of WTO Accession and the Doha Development Agenda: Or “WYDIWYG,” what you do is what you get ..................................................................................................................8 IV. Examination of Russia‟s Tariffs from 2001-2005 .................................................................................9 V. The Merits of Dual Pricing of Russian Natural Gas ...........................................................................10 Russia‟s Reserves and Exports ............................................................................................................10 Optimal Export Prices .........................................................................................................................11 Domestic Market Pricing in Russia .....................................................................................................12 Efficient Prices from the Perspective of the World .............................................................................13 VI. Principal WTO Accession Commitments of Russia ...........................................................................13 Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) ........................................................................................13 Services Commitments........................................................................................................................13 Agriculture Issues................................................................................................................................15 VII. Are there Excessive Demands on Russia due to Political Considerations?.........................................16 Goods ..................................................................................................................................................16 Services ...............................................................................................................................................16 Agriculture ..........................................................................................................................................17 VIII. Russian WTO Accession and the Jackson-Vanik Amendment .........................................................17 IX. Remaining Issues ................................................................................................................................18 Georgia –The Customs Posts issue with Russia..................................................................................18 Agriculture ..........................................................................................................................................19 Intellectual Property ............................................................................................................................19 Timber Export Taxes...........................................................................................................................19 X. When Will Russia Achieve Membership?...

References: 4
and Tarr (2007), we applied this approach to data for a real economy when we estimated the economywide and sector impacts of Russian WTO accession
impact of a reduction in barriers to foreign direct investment in these services sectors. See Jensen, Rutherford and Tarr (2007) for an explanation of the estimate in telecommunications.
The source for the data in this paragraph is British Petroleum (2001). Exports to Europe and Turkey include about 75 BCM to Western Europe, 40 BCM to Eastern Europe and 11 BCM to Turkey.
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