Many things caused the Russian Revolution. A few causes were the tactics the Czar, Nicholas II, used to suppress reform. He sought to industrialize the country and build the strength of the country’s economy, but he used harsh tactics and secret police to stop change. Because of the rapid industrialization of Russia, many peasants were working long hours and the government didn’t enforce any regulations in the factories or child labor laws. This caused the people of Russia to form revolutionary movements. One of these movements, and another cause of the Russian Revolution, was the March Revolution. The lack of food, fuel and housing resulted in the spark of a revolution that started with factory workers protesting. Russian soldiers that were sent out to kill the civilians instead shot their officers and joined the revolution. This caused the Czar, Nicholas II, to resign.
The Russian Revolution affected society in a number of ways. One affect on society was when Nicholas II resigned; Lenin and the Bolsheviks took over. Lenin was very popular among his people because he met their basic needs. He started a New Economic Policy that gave the government control of the banks, large industry and foreign trade. The government allowed some privately owned businesses to stay open. This let the economy recover. Another affect was Stalin taking over when Lenin died. Stalin was a communist dictator who started collective farming. Collective farming was when all land was turned over to the state and people worked together to meet production quotas. This gave the people no incentive to work and caused production to decrease. The state still set high