A rude letter from Apophis, ruler of the Hyksos invaders, complaining about the snoring of the hippopotami in the sacred pool at Thebes, initiated the war that ultimately led to the restoration of the rule of the pharaohs in Egypt in the 16th century BC. Unfortunately, this war also led to
the death of the addressee, Seqenenre Taa II, 14th pharaoh of the Theban dynasty.
Thirty four centuries later, the pharaoh's mummy has become the subject of forensic pathological interest and speculation.
Sek ra nare ray ta the second, was
one of the last kinglets of the Theban region of Egypt in the Seventeenth Dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period 1560 BC. The dates of his reign are uncertain, but may have been within the decade ending in 1561 B.C. (based on the probable ascension date of Ahmose, the first ruler of the Eighteenth Dynasty)
He is credited with making the opening moves in the war of liberation against the Hyksos. The Hyksos were an ethnically mixed group of Western Asiatic people who appeared in the eastern Nile Delta during the Second Intermediate Period. They overthrew the weak Egyptian
Thirteenth Dynasty, whose capital was near Memphis, and formed the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Dynasties of Egypt, ruling Lower and Middle Egypt for over one hundred years. He was probably the son and successor to Tao I the Elder and Queen Tetisheri.
Thank ra that this Pharaoh has a shorter name, that being Tao II the Brave, Tao II the brave, however, suffered a terrible death, it seems that he died during battle; he participated in active diplomatic posturing, which consisted of more than simply exchanging insults with the Asiatic ruler in the North. It seems that he led military
skirmishes against the Hyksos, one of which caused his death. His throne name, which is the top set of hieroglyphics, says Seqenenre which means Who Strikes Like Re", and the bottom set simply says Tao. These two sets of hieroglyphics were found inscribed on his...
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