Why was the bus separated between blacks and whites?
She was arrested and convicted of violating the laws of segregation, known as “Jim Crow laws.” Mrs. Parks appealed her conviction and thus formally challenged the legality of segregation. At the same time, local civil rights activists initiated a boycott of the Montgomery bus system. In cities across the South, segregated bus companies were daily reminders of the inequities of American society. Since African Americans made up about 75 percent of the riders in Montgomery, the boycott posed a serious economic threat to the company and a social threat to white rule in the city. She sat near the middle of the bus, just behind the 10 seats reserved for whites. Soon all of the seats in the bus were filled. When a white man entered the bus, the driver (following the standard practice of segregation) insisted that all four blacks sitting just behind the white section give up their seats so that the man could sit there. Mrs. Parks, who was an active member of the local NAACP, quietly refused to give up her seat. Buses - "All passenger stations in this state operated by any motor transportation company shall have separate waiting rooms or space and separate ticket windows for the white and colored races." (Alabama law)
Reasons for Jim Crow
After the end of the Civil War and slavery, some white people felt threatened. Therefore, they made it their mission to keep black people separated from them and to continue to treat them as though they were second class citizens.
These Jim Crow laws often disguised their cruelness by claiming to provide "separate but equal" facilities to both white and black people. However, this was a falsehood. The black schools, libraries, etc. were often in poorer condition than the white facilities.
Ultimately, these laws were banished, and integration became a true reality for all.
What has she achieved after the bus...
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