Rima 134 The Petrarchan Sonnet "Laura" - The object of many of his poems, Laura is a mysterious, far-off, unreachable woman that Petrarch pines for but never gets. Scholars argue over the reality of this woman, but Petrarch's other writings claim that she was a real woman who refused his advances because she was married to another man. He called his distant relationship to her "an overwhelming but pure love affair." Petrarch's writing on Laura expresses both delight and despair. It hurts when he thinks about her, but he is too in love to stop. His poems are the epitome of unrequited love. Petrarch's descriptions of Laura are lofty, flowery, and even exaggerated. Courtly love - the medieval tradition of love between a knight and a noble woman, characterized by chivalry, flowery praise, and a lack of any real contact/consummation Petrarch Born Francesco Petracco in Tuscany (Italy) in 1304. He grew up in a fairly wealthy family and was forced by his parents to study law, though his real interests were poetry and Latin literature. He was a prolific writer, traveler, and translator/discover-er of ancient Roman and Greek manuscripts - laid the groundwork for the Renaissance In his dialogue The Symposium, Plato has Aristophanes present a story about soul mates. Aristophanes states that humans originally had four arms, four legs, and a single head made of two faces. He continues that there were three genders: man, woman and the "Androgynous". Each with two sets of genitalia with the Androgynous having both male and female genitalia. The men were children of the sun, the women were children of the earth and the Androgynous were children of the moon, which was born of the sun and earth. It is said that humans had great strength at the time and threatened to conquer the gods. The gods were then faced with the prospect of destroying the humans with lightning as they had done with the Titans but then they would lose the tributes given to the gods by humans. Zeus developed a creative solution by splitting humans in half as punishment for humanity's pride and doubling the number of humans who would give tribute to the gods. These split humans were in utter misery to the point where they would not eat and would perish so Apollo had sewn them up and reconstituted their bodies with the navel being the only remnant harkening back to their original form. Each human would then only have one set of genitalia and would forever long for his/her other half; the other half of his/her soul. It is said that when the two find each other, there is an unspoken understanding of one another, that they feel unified and would lay with each other in unity and would know no greater joy than that According to Theosophy, whose claims were modified by Edgar Cayce, God created androgynous souls—equally male and female. Later theories postulate that the souls split into separate genders, perhaps because they incurred karma while playing around on the Earth, or "separation from God." Over a number of reincarnations, each half seeks the other. When all karmic debt is purged, the two will fuse back together and return to the ultimate. Current usage of the concept
In current usage, "soulmate" usually refers to a romantic partner, with the implication of an exclusive lifelong bond. This is to say, the word is used with more rarity than the terms also associated with 'romantic partner'. The term is a very versatile term, being defined differently by different individuals, as it is related to the concept of love. It commonly holds the connotation of being the strongest bond with another person, romantically, that one can achieve. The term is not used as often as other terms representing the same idea, and this is likely to lead to its perceived rarity in meaning. The definition of it ranges widely, and cannot be pinpointed. It is commonly accepted that one will feel 'complete' once they have found their soul mate, as it is partially in the perceived definition...
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