* Write the short note on the chief characteristics of pre-romantic poetry? 1- Return to Nature: Areal feeling for the world of leaves and flowers, this feeling of nature chon as early as Thomson's seasons (1730), is grow stronger and rich culmination in the poetry of word south poet growth turned away from the "town" and took more and more interest in country life. The works of poet like Thomas Gray, William Cowper, Robert Burns, George Crabbe, showed a marked sympathy for the poor and downtrodden. The written to nature renewed interest in simple humanity. We find this in Gray's Elegy. They turn back for inspiration to Milton. Shakespeare and Spenser. 2- Interest in the middle Ages: The Middle Ages were essentially romantic, full of color, magic and mystery and love and adventure. They stirred the imagination of the poets who turned back to these ages for themes and inspiration. Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Sir Walter Scott were deeply influenced by the middle ages. 3- Variety of Metrical forms: The Spenserian stanza, the heroic quatrain, and the octosyllabic quatrain were in great effect. -Romantic poets in the middle Ages:
James Thomson, Thomas Gray, William Collins, Oliver Goldsmith, William Cowper, Robert Burns, William Blake. ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ The Romantic Movement (1798-1832)
The Historical perspective:
1- Achievement of American Independence.
2- The French Revolution Path these two moment changed man way of thinking. The involved not merely the abolition of the French Monarchy but wiping out of the whole aristocratic system and the attempt to reconstruct the state and society on the basic of liberty, equality and fraternity. What is the Romanticism?
Pantheism: a belief that a divine spirit paradise each and every object of nature.
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