The Hellenistic civilization marked an important time in Greek culture. This was the period between 323 and 31 BC, at one point the Greek society changed from being withdrawn and localized to an aggressive multinational, unprotected, and eager culture that infused together southwest Asia and eastern Mediterranean. The Hellenistic world involved many different people but the Greeks’ thinking and way of life influenced most of the matters.1 Every aspect related to culture followed the beliefs of the Greeks and this led to the Greek language becoming established, as the official language of this area. The following arguments are centralized around methods to describing how the Roman emanated as the heirs of the Greek and Hellenistic civilization as presented by different perspectives such as Professor Mathews, Platt, and Noble in the western humanities and Professor Weber presents his research from the point of view of western traditions.
Hellenistic civilization had very unique features in that it was made up of large rocky terrain called Peninsula’s, this is apparent off the coast of Turkey and the Islands of Aegean Sea.2 The mountains served as a strong barrier and acted as a determinant from political powers in Greece. Initially, Greece was divided into several self-governing communities that were separated from each other by landscape and this was later developed into city-states and each one had its own system of law and means of governance. The terrain made farming difficult, and therefore, the lucrative job was raising livestock. The people who lived in Greece practiced some trade where they produced pottery, olive oil, and wine that they traded with other people who came from the Mediterranean. The exposure that the Greeks got with other communities, such as the Romans through trade, made them aware of the main advantages to outsider trading. Hellenistic period promoted
Bibliography: Roy, T, F. Matthews, Platt, D. W., and Noble F. X. Thomas. The Western Humanities. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print. Holladay, Carl R. 4. Acts and the Fragmentary Hellenistic Jewish Authors. “Novum Testamentum. “ Jan 2011: 22-51. Cameron, Averil, and Warden Averil Cameron. The Mediterranean World in Late Antiquity: AD 395-700. London: Routledge, 2013. Print. Weber, Eugen. “The Western Tradition.” YouTube Videos. Jan 16, 2012. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PkZgLhtDeoU&list=PL717E9D0C8F6C68AE>.