Romanesque Architecture Research Paper

Good Essays
There were many new ideas and techniques used in the Romanesque style of architecture. The great advancement that the Romanesque period had on architecture was the development of stone vaulted buildings. Stone vaulting was needed to replace the wooden vaulting previously used, which were highly flammable. The most frequently used vault was the barrel vault, which are a series of round arches that are placed one after the other. Barrel vaults were also used to form what is known as a groin vault (when two barrel vaults were crossed with each other). Also during the Romanesque period domes were widely being used. Domes were formed by taking numerous round arches and placing them on different axes but with the same apex.
To support vaults and domes, the walls were made very thick and had buttresses which helped to bear the weight of the heavy stones. The massive stones that were used to construct buildings during the Romanesque period were another characteristic of this style of architecture.
…show more content…
Many bays placed in a long row down the center of a building/structure is known as a nave. The naves during the Romanesque period were much higher and narrower than of any other periods before it. The high and narrow naves allowed for larger clerestory windows, but they were still relatively small and did not contain glass. Most of the doors and windows of were capped with round arches.
Right after the Romanesque period came the Gothic period. The greatest element that came from the Gothic period was the ribbed vault. The buildings/structures that were built during the Gothic period were made of stones and because the stones were heavy, the building could only be constructed so high. The development of the pointed arch and ribbed vault, however, allowed for the buildings to be built even

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Romanesque Art

    • 759 Words
    • 4 Pages

    16. Discuss four characteristics of Romanesque art. Give examples. The Romanesque art period started from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 13th century, or later, depending on region. The preceding period is known as the Pre-Romanesque. The term was invented by 19th century art historians, which retained many basic features of Roman architectural style. Mostly round-headed arches, as well as barrel vaults, apses, and acanthus-leaf decoration but had also developed…

    • 759 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Beryl Sola Art History 101-36 29 October 2011 Romanesque Art Romanesque art refers to the style prevalent in Western Europe from the tenth to twelfth century. This style peaked in France, Britain, German fiefdoms, Spain and Italy between 1075 AD and 1125 AD. Romanesque art was a fusion between Roman, Byzantine and German traditions and was all about architectural design, decorative styles, stained glass, paintings and illuminated manuscripts. This was a period of religious pilgrimages and…

    • 816 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Romanesque Art Mary Carnahan HU 200 – Humanities January 4, 2017 Introduction I have chosen three specific pieces of Romanesque art, each from a different country of origin. Identify the following points of interest concerning each piece of art: •How was this piece affected by the economy of the period? •How was this piece affected by the politics of the period? •What were the religious influences or concerns that affected the piece’s construction? •Explain how the features of this…

    • 648 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    of Romanesque art:  simple compositions and very linear, elongated designs  There is very little sign of figurative imagery or any effort towards naturalistic depiction.  characteristics were meant to inspire the viewer to devout, religiously inspired awe and fear of the Creator and of course, of His representation here on earth in the body of the Holy Church  religious devotion- scenes of hellish creatures and tormented bodies abound  Romanesque art…

    • 1317 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Pilgrimage began in the Romanesque world during the Medieval times around the 2nd and 12th century. Romanesque art is referred during 1000 AD in Europe and it is an example of the Gothic style depending on the region and century. The Romanesque period witnessed an outpouring in the allure of religious pilgrimage. During the Middle Ages, many people men and women traveled on long and short journeys or pilgrimages. The pilgrimage was a journey to a sacred or holy place. Many people in Europe began…

    • 506 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    the romanesque period

    • 19778 Words
    • 80 Pages

    Gothic and Romanesque architecture are different architectural styles with certain similarities and many differences, the Romanesque period (8th century -1150 c.e) was influenced by the Byzantine and the Roman styles ,where the name Romanesque was carved out in the 1800s as it came with the barrel vault feature and the use of the old roman arch design. On the other hand the Gothic period (1150 – 1550 c.e) was the period of Christian religious great style were the Architecture & religion unite to…

    • 19778 Words
    • 80 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Larry Crawley Sanford Brown College Online HUMN302-1502B-01 Unit-5 Date: May 10, 2015 Professor Andrea Kough Romanesque and Gothic Architecture The Romanesque Culture (c.a.10th-12th centuries) began with the rise of France and England, after the period known as “The Dark Ages”. This rise would also be credited to the rise Romanesque church achitecture and sculpture. Romanesque churches were escalated in scale and based on the earlier Roman basilicas plans, which…

    • 1125 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Romanesque style transformed into the Gothic style during the Middle Ages. This happened for many reasons. The Romanesque period was a time of trial and error while the Gothic period was a time of advancements in inventions. Religion was an important factor in the shift between Romanesque and Gothic. The locations of the two types of cathedrals also contributed toward the change between Romanesque and Gothic, as well as the power of the relics and the community to raise funds for the Gothic…

    • 375 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Different Architecture of Romanesque and Gothic Inspired Buildings There have been numerous pilgrimages made across France and Spain, each one just as unique as the one before it. Along these routes there are an immeasurable number of magnificent churches and temples each with their own history, architecture and art work, making them very distinctive. Time and place are important influences of the design of these churches and temples when they were built; this means that we have encountered scores…

    • 1849 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Paper Medieval Art is characterized largely by the use of both Gothic and Romanesque architecture. As Christianity was highly significant to the middle ages, much of said architectural design is exemplified in the cathedrals of the time. Romanesque and Gothic architecture differ greatly from one another, as is displayed in a comparison of a Gothic chapel and a Romanesque chapel. The Cloisters Museum and Gardens: the branch of The Metropolitan Museum of Art devoted to medieval art, offers the opportunity…

    • 873 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays