# Roller Coaster Physics

Satisfactory Essays
Amusement Park Physics

For: Mr Day

Due: 01/04/08

By Rhys Webb

Synopsis 1
Introduction 2
Brief history of Roller Coasters 2
Physics of roller coasters 2
Roller coaster Design 3
Analysis of Roller Coaster 4
1st Slope 4
2nd Slope 4
1st Dip 5
3rd slope 5
Loop 5
Conclusion 5
Bibliography 6
Appendix 6 Synopsis

The context of this report is to design and analyse a roller coaster within the parameters of: a maximum “g” force of “4g’s”, a length of 40 to 100 seconds and has to be constructed of metal rather than wooden trestles. This report also requires a qualitative and quantitative explanation of the theory and figures behind the analysis.
Introduction

In this report there is a qualitative and quantitative explanation of the physics of a roller coaster and well as the figures which are retrieved via mathematical analysis of a roller coaster.

Brief history of Roller Coasters

The first basic roller coasters were first created in Russia in the 1780’s where a large wooden ramp would be constructed in winter and as the ice covered it people would ride sleds down it, these creations were called ‘Russian Mountains’. In 1804 the innovative idea was taken to France where Small wheels were added to the sleds to make the ‘Les Montagnes Russes’ or ‘Russian Mountains’ usable during summer and from there the roller coasters that don the theme parks where created.
Physics of roller coasters
A roller coaster uses the principle of gravity, by putting in work against gravity to raise the cars of a roller coaster to a height a build up of potential energy begins to accumulate and once that peak is reached the potential energy becomes kinetic energy and by using the build up of kinetic energy the roller coaster reaches the next rise causing it to have another build up of energy. This repeats the entire way around the track until it comes to the end and the process repeats itself. Roller coaster Design

Analysis of Roller Coaster

1st

Bibliography: http://www.britannica.com/coasters/ http://www.britannica.com/coasters/ride.html Appendix Refer to log book and attached booklet

## You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

• Powerful Essays

People sometimes engage in activities and are unaware that such activity involves physics. Physics is all around. For instance, you may go to Six Flags and do not analyze how physics helps the machines you ride in operate. Have you ever asked yourself how a roller coaster works? Would roller coasters safely run without the knowledge that physics offers us? The answer is no. Roller coasters are driven by physics; it mobilizes and gives its riders amusement through forces such as inertia, gravitation…

• 1562 Words
• 7 Pages
Powerful Essays
• Better Essays

almost all roller coasters only rely on Earth’s gravity to get the cars down the track? Roller coasters are centered all on physics and I will hopefully teach you some things, big or small about them today. In this essay we will be exploring the world of roller coasters. Some of the topics we will cover will range from the history, to the principles that allow the cars to continue throughout the length of the track, and the general physics surrounding roller coasters. The history of roller coasters…

• 1672 Words
• 7 Pages
Better Essays
• Better Essays

Individuals love to go to the amusement parks and try out the rides that are available. The most common and thrilling ride is the roller coaster. An amusement park is not an amusement park if it does not contain a roller coaster. What makes these roller coasters so fun that every amuse parks has one. A lot of people would say it is their extreme high speeds that makes it very exciting. That is a valid answer, but it is the wrong answer. The speed has nothing to do with the excitement. It is more…

• 1468 Words
• 6 Pages
Better Essays
• Good Essays

Part 1 Roller coasters Additional notes: GPE = m x g x h KE = m x v₂ The main energy transfers that happen as a car travels along the track from the start of the ride to the end: [1]The rollercoaster car gains gravitational potential energy (GPE) as it travels to the top. Once over the top, the car gains speed as GPE is transferred to kinetic energy (KE). As it travels to the top of another loop, KE is transferred to GPE. Not all the energy is transferred to or from GPE – some is transferred…

• 552 Words
• 3 Pages
Good Essays
• Good Essays

As the height of the roller coaster increases, the speed of the marble decreases; and vice versa. When the height of the roller coaster is at it’s peak, the highest point, and the motion of the marble is going uphill; the speed has less kinetic energy than it has potential. The potential energy is being stored up, as the marble’s velocity is at an upward motion. Once the ball reaches the highest point and starts moving in a downwards motion, it releases the stored energy and gains kinetic energy…

• 576 Words
• 3 Pages
Good Essays
• Satisfactory Essays

Physics in Roller Coasters There is a lot of Physics in a roller coaster. It contains a lot of potential and kinetic energy, and also centripetal force. All of these factors will define how the roller coaster really works. As we all know, or some of us know, roller coasters doesn’t use engine to operate the ride. It depends on converting potential energy into kinetic energy. Cars will need a certain amount of pull or push to reach a certain peek of the track. Upon reaching the peak, the energy…

• 261 Words
• 2 Pages
Satisfactory Essays
• Powerful Essays

“A roller coaster is considered any elevated track with curves and rises, carrying passengers in open, rolling cars for entertainment” (5). Today’s roller coasters appear to be tons of tubular metal intertwined around itself, but regardless of how big, fast, or gravity defying they are, they all use the same natural force – gravity. The more twisting, turning, flipping, and the faster a roller coaster goes, the more the coaster depends on the law of physics, not mechanics, to keep it moving. There…

• 1450 Words
• 6 Pages
Powerful Essays
• Powerful Essays

Antônia C. Physics HL Aspects of Physics Case Study: Amusement Parks On the 26th of February, 2011 our class went on a field trip in order to analyse the aspects of physics present in amusement parks. I chose two aspects based on my favourite rides: ‘Kaboom’ (which works based on free-fall) and the roller coaster.  The Physics of Roller Coasters How does a Roller Coaster work? Roller coasters have no engines (although many still tend to think they do) and are thus not propelled around the…

• 1146 Words
• 5 Pages
Powerful Essays
• Satisfactory Essays

will loop the loop. The underlying principle of all roller coasters is the law of conservation of energy. When a roller coaster crests the first big hill,gravity takes over. Potential energy is sometimes known as positional energy. As the roller coaster falls is has enough kinetic energy to make it through the remainder of the ride. Inertia keeps the object in motion. The other forces bring the roller coaster to a stop by friction. Since roll coasters don’t have motors they need to be pulled up by a…

• 431 Words
• 2 Pages
Satisfactory Essays
• Powerful Essays

something that was centered on physics. At first we were looking doing something towards space or the speed of light, but then Karina brought up the topic of roller coasters and it stuck. It really sounded like a fun topic to cover. In this essay we will be exploring the world of roller coasters. Some of the topics we will cover will be the history, the principles that allow the cars to continue throughout the length of the track, and the physics of roller coasters. The history of rollercoasters…

• 1211 Words
• 5 Pages
Powerful Essays