Role of women in ancient civilizations

Good Essays
Women in Ancient India and Greece

Tutorial 02
Short Essay
Thursday, November 14th, 2013

Throughout history women have been oppressed and discriminated against. Barriers against women have been originated from more powerful institutions and by a greater male society that has set limits on the potential of women. The status of women has evolved greatly as agriculture advanced. In the two civilizations, India and Greece, the status of women has evolved in many different ways. Women were domesticated and oppressed in the household, economically, and on a social and religious scale.

Both ancient civilizations, India and Greece carry a multi-facetted past. Both ancient civilizations had distinct geographies that allowed for diverse social norms. Economically, the women of both ancient India and Greece were not valued. The ancient Indian economy was centralized around agriculture, which was indicative of the contribution women had economically. Females mostly ran the household, and raised the children, which left the men to run the fields. It is even said that women were an economic burden because their lack of utility and the dowry system. Greece was also a divided civilization because of the geography. The economic contributions of women in ancient Greece evolved over time. The new Sparta, a Greek state, emerged between 800 and 600 BCE and conquered many bordering states, making them a military state. New ideologies from this warrior clan became to develop in Greece. The Spartans forced young boys at age seven to be exiled to live in military-style barracks. At the age of 7, a child’s brain is not developed and highly vulnerable. This gave the Spartans much a lot of control over their military base. While the men remained in these camps, the Spartan women would take on the big roles at home. Because of this separation, the Spartan women were actually expected to maintain their health and strength to take over roles

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