Role of Music in Social Change

Topics: Blues, Jazz, African American Pages: 60 (23906 words) Published: April 4, 2013

Term Paper Project
Presented in partial fulfilment
The requirement for

Mrs. Vaijayanta A. Jagtap Jason Rasquinha
(Guide) (Student)

College of Social Work
Nirmala Niketan
38, New Marine Lines

MARCH 2013
I would firstly like to express my endless gratitude to my guide Prof. Vaijayanta Anand Jagtap for being an endless source of inspiration, knowledge and encouragement to put my passion for music into the paper. Secondly I would like to thank Ms. Marisa Lobo for the idea of writing this paper on my most thrilling hobby, Music. I would also like to thank Mr. Sambhaji Bhagat who shared with me the history of change music in Maharashtra as well as his experiences of being a singer and activist for the issues of Dalit emancipation. I would like to thank Sr. Anitha Chilamkuri who helped me by translating the Telugu lyrics of Gaddar. Finally I would like to thank my father, Mr. Merwyn Rasquinha for providing me with the convenience of a domestic internet connection and my sister Christabelle D’Souza for the use of her laptop.

Table of Contents

Title Page Number
List of Abbreviations5
Awakening 6
Genres in India and the West7
Striking a Chord with the Masses8
Countering the Dark Reflections of Music8
Friction and Harmony9
The Meaning of Music in the Indian Scenario9
One with the Crowd 10
Rationale 11
Tuning into Pain 12
African-American Slavery 12
The Blues 13
Blues among the Crops 14
War Time Blues 15
Birth of the Ghetto 15
Rap and Hip-Hop 19
Swaying to Oneness 23
Counter Culture and the Vietnam War 23
The Power of Flowers 25
Woodstock 26
John Lennon and The Beatles’ Message 27
History of Africans in the Caribbean 31
The Culture of Rastafarianism 31
The Music of the Rasta Man32
Wake Up and Fight Back!! 36
African-American Oppression in the 1960’s 36
The Background of the Civil Rights Movement 38
The Soundtrack of the Civil Rights Movement 39
Sit-Ins, Jail-ins and the Freedom Riders 40
Music of Change in India 43
Caste Oppression in Maharashtra 44
The Bhotmange Incident 45
The Ramabai Firing 46
The Maratha Sword 47
Music, the Weapon of the Dalits 47
Communism and the Caste System 50
Conversions 51
Schisms and Co-options 52
Educate, Organize and Agitate 53
Oppression in Andhra Pradesh and the Phenomenon of Gaddar 55 Gaddar against Hegemony58
Against Religious Hypocrisy 58
Change the Direction of the Capitalist Wheel 59
Implications for Social Work 62
Conclusion 64

List of Abbreviations

BJP- Bharat Janta Party
CORE- Congress of Racial Equality
CPI- Communist Party of India
CRM- Civil Rights Movement
EEOC- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
FSM-Free Speech Movement
JNM- Jana Natya Mandali
KKM- The Kabir Kala Manch
KKK- The Ku Klux Klan
LPG- Liquid Petroleum Gas
NCP- Nationalist Congress Party
RPI- Republican Party of India
RSS- Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
SDS-Students for a Democratic Society

In today’s world, music is one of the most easily available sources of entertainment. Music can be looked at from several points of view; artist’s, the listener or the audience or the critic. The artist defines his music as, ‘A result of his emotional or physical conflict with the various forces of his personal relationships or problems, the problems of others, love, politics, education, careers etc. The listener looks for and tries to relate with the...

Bibliography: BBC News. (2007, May 27). Retrieved November 02 2012, from
Bhagat, S
Bhattacharjee, M. (2012, April 23). Outlook India. Retrieved November 05 2012, from
"Bob Marley"
Borthwick & Moy (2004). Popular Music Genres. Edinburgh, University Press. Pp. 42-60, 77-118
Bristol and Slavery
Charles Perry, The Haight Ashbury: A History, Wenner Books; Reprint edition (30 Mar 2007), 320pp
Civil Rights Movement Vetrans
Cozzens, L. (1998, June 22). Retrieved February 05 2013, from
Dalit Singer Ends Life on a Tragic Note
Dougan, Clark (1984). A Divided Nation, Boston: Boston Publishing Company.
Dunn, S. (Director). (2005). Metal: A Head Bangers Journey [Motion Picture].
Dye, D. (2007, February 22). The Birth of Rap: A look Back. Retrieved February 19 2013, from NPR Music :
Free Online Research Papers
Guggenheim, D. (Director). (2011). U2: From the Sky Down [Motion Picture].
Guttentag, B. (Director). (2009). Soundtrack of a Revolution [Motion Picture].
Guy Carawan, C. C. (1992). Sing for Freedom: The story of the CIvil Rights Movement told through its Songs. Bethlehem, Penselvania : Sing Out Publications.
Jamaica History. (2011). Retrieved February 26 2013, from Jamaica
Jamaica- History and Heritage
Kadam, K. N. (1991). Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and the Significance of his Movement: A Chronology. Bombay: Popular Prakashan.
Khan, A
Kumar, P. K. (2006, November 02). Untouchable Spring. Retrieved February 19 2013, from
Lopez, K
Oliver, P. (2006). Broadcasting the Blues. New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.
Paul Oliver, f. b. (1994). Blues Fell this Morning. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Perception. (2011, December 06). Retrieved November 05 2012, from
Pineau, D
Prayer Foundation. (2006). Retrieved January 27 2013, from
Rediff News
Roberts (1923), "A Review of the Gandhi Movement in India", Political Science Quarterly, p. 229
Robinson, W
Rose, T. (1994). Black Noise. Honover: University Press of New England.
Rudolf Heel (2006). The Beatles and their Influence on Culture. Taken from:
Salzman, Eric (1988)
Sherinian, D. Z. (2008, October 10). The Hindu: Friday Review Chennai and Tamil Nadu. Retrieved November 04 2012, from
Sit-ins and Their Impact on the Civil Rights Movement
Teltumbde, D. A. (2012, May 06). Counter Currents. Retrieved November 05 2012, from
The Vietnam War
Tumblr . (n.d.). Retrieved August 05 Sunday, 2012, from
Wankhede, H. S. (2012, April 28). Dalit Perspectives. Retrieved November 06 2012, from
Wojtanek, A
Yuajah. (2011, December 28). Seven Principles of Rastafari. Retrieved February 26 2013, from Rastafarianism and Jamaican Culture Blog:
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • social movement and social change Essay
  • Essay about The Change of Role of Women
  • Role of Education in Creating Social Changes Essay
  • The Change of Music Essay
  • Social Change Essay
  • Social Changes Essay
  • social changes Essay
  • Social Change Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free