role of government in the society

Topics: Health care, Health, Public health Pages: 8 (2677 words) Published: October 13, 2013

The role of government in our society cannot be overemphasized and the government as a seat of authority where rules and laws are established adjusted and executed has been in existence since time immemorial. In various sectors of the society, the government has an important role to play starting from the law making, education, industrialization, technology, transportation, social amenities development, job creation, health sector, etc.

Every day when we turn on the news, we discover that what it contains consists of what governments around the world are doing. It seems that if we didn't have governments to amuse us, there would be no news at all. In fact, without the beneficence of government, life might become so boring as to not be worth living at all. Even with all this talk about government, it is amazing that the population in general does not have a clear idea of what government is and what they do. When people are asked what the purpose of government is, or what the essence of government enterprise is, they frequently shrug their shoulders. The term government, like so many other terms we use daily, is taken for granted and is poorly defined at best. In the modern world, we can see that society is government itself and the society governs itself. The democracy form of governance which has been accepted by almost the entire world in the modern times. The first accepted form of leadership and governance was that of tribal leaders, followed by monarchy and democracy. The term society is quite a heavy, important and is almost synonymous to the terms mankind and human existence.

Agriculture is a major branch of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment for 70% of the population. The sector is being transformed by commercialization at the small, medium and large-scale enterprise levels. According to the Indian Constitution, agriculture is a state subject. However, over the years, the Central Government has started playing an important role in agricultural planning and development. Major policies, that is, those pertaining to prices, trade and credit, are decided by the Centre. There are a large number of Central and Centrally sponsored schemes for agricultural development. But this does not minimize the role of the state government. The policies pursued and programs sponsored by the state government can make a major difference to the income and well-being of the farmers. In small farm agriculture, as in Bihar, the role of the state is all the more important. For effectively addressing the issues of low productivity and low incomes, the state government has to play an important part in the following areas: Formulating relevant policies; Enhancing investment in agriculture; Strengthening supportive institutions; Ensuring the supply of the quality inputs; Partnering the private sector and civil society institutions. Nigeria faces serious poverty changes. To support its agricultural development goals the federal government introduced control of food imports and continued its substantial subsidies on farm inputs, particularly fertilizers. To get the project implemented efficiently, special agencies were created. Each of the state wide and enclave projects was run by a professionally managed semi autonomous agencies, linked to a state ministry through a coordination committee representing the state governor, the major ministries and the project management. Government help in the following ways: mechanization of agriculture1, provision of agricultural extension services2, lending loans to farmer3, providing; seedlings, fertilizers, farm implement and incentives at reduced and subsided price4, training service at reduced rate4. More so, Education is a very important tool for governments seeking to maintain the very high standard in the society. The proper...

References: 1.  Dewey, John (1916/1944). Democracy and Education. The Free Press. pp. 1–4. ISBN 0-684-83631-9.
2.  educate. Retrieved on 2011-10-21.
3.  "Examples of subjects". Retrieved 2009-04-20.
4. Eric A. Hanushek (2005). Economic outcomes and school quality. International Institute for Educational Planning. ISBN 978-92-803-1279-9. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
5.  Daron Acemoglu, Simon Johnson, and James A. Robinson (2001). "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation". American Economic Review 91 (5): 1369–1401. doi:10.2139/ssrn.244582. JSTOR 2677930
6. 6.Samuel Bowles; Herbert Gintis (18 October 2011). Schooling In Capitalist America: Educational Reform and the Contradictions of Economic Life. Haymarket Books. ISBN 978-1-60846-131-8. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
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