Role of Education in Women Empowerment with special reference to the Economy of Assam
Asstt. Professor & HoD, Economics, Dalgoma Anchalik College, Matia, Goalpara -783125 (Assam)
ABSTRACT: Women’s contribution to the economy of Assam cannot be ignored. From household activities to economic activities out of the household have been performed successfully by the women of Assam. Women constitute almost half of the population in the state; though a large womenfolk of state are still illiterate, the weak, backward and exploited. Thus, the term Women empowerment comes into existance. If we plan for a economically developed country, we must think for the better status of women. This is possible only through the attainment of the higher level of literacy as well as education for women. It has been already proved that educated women can play a very important role in the economic development of the country. Women education promote women empowerment, which in turn leads to the economic empowerment of women themselves as well as the society as a whole with the knowledge, skills and self-confidence. Now, It is high time to devote more attention on the women education in our state to realise the women’s contributions at large to the economy of the state .
KEYWORDS: Women Education, Women Empowerment, Economic Development.
‘Economy of Assam can be described as underdevelopment one.’ This is because of its intact poverty, underutilised manpower untapped natural resources.1 The researchers and authors have never given importance of the contribution of women in the economy of Assam. Whereas, women’s contribution to the economy of Assam cannot be ignored. From household activities to economic activities out of the household have been performed successfully by the women of Assam. Despite they are almost fifty in hundred and bearing all the positive aspects, it is a matter of fact that women in this world are living with an insignificant status, both in the family and society. Out of all poverty-stricken people living in this world, 70 percent are women. For those women, poverty does not just mean scarcity and want; it means rights denied, opportunities curtailed and voices silenced. If we consider the some facts, we find women work two-thirds of the world’s working, whereas women (i) earn only 10 percent of the world’s income, (ii) own less than 1 percent of the world’s property, (iii) make up two-thirds of the total adults worldwide who cannot read or write.2 All these hold good in case of Assam economy also. This is the background, the world community thought over the entity of empowerment of women, its need and significance. Empowerment recognizes the inner power of individuals; our understanding of women empowerment reminds us that change- improvement in the physical, economic, political or social well-being of women. Question arises what is the mosly cited factor responsible for bringing about the women empowerment. It is education, which is one of the most important means of empowering women with the knowledge, skills and self-confidence necessary to participate fully in the development process. Education is important for everyone, but it is especially significant for girls and women. This is true not only because education is an entry point to other opportunities, but also because the educational achievements of women can have ripple effects within the family and across generations. It is not possible for an economy to be developed, without giving due importance on women (which constitute the half of total) and their activities. The empowered women only are shared with that status. In the similar way, this is possible only with women education, both with quality as well as quantity.
To see the status and trend of women empowerment in the study area in terms of various indicators. 2.
To see the contribution of women in the economy of Assam...
1. Dhar, P.K., ‘The Economy of Assam- Including Economy of North East India’,( 2009), Kalyani Publishers, Guwahati
4. Assam Human Development Report, 2003 and Govt. of Assam).
5. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2011), The state of food and agriculture, 2010-2011: women in agriculture, closing the gender gap for development, FAO, Rome.
6. Duflo, E., “Women Empowerment and Economic Development’’, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Journal of Economic Literature 2012, 50(4), 1051–1079, http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/jel.50.4.1051
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