No one wishes to be confronted with the choice between abortion or life; no one asks to be put in that position, and it is one's personal reasonability and liability for all but one cases of pregnancy; rape. In the court case Roe v. Wade, Norma L. McCorvey, better known as "Jane Roe," was a victim who was impregnated by her rapist. She sued the district attorney of Dallas County, Texas on the grounds that anti-abortion laws violated privacy laws. When it comes to abortions privacy is in fact a huge issue and that is exactly what she fought for; the privacy to abort her pregnancy due to rape. Pregnancy does occur for other reasons, however, and if one is engaged in sexual activity there is no 100 percent guarantee that she may not become pregnant, so should someone be put in the place of having to decide for or against the birth of the child, consideration for the circumstances under which that child will be born must be given as well; circumstances such as poor health, low income, irresponsibility, carelessness or just being too young. These are all very legitimate reasons aside from rape as to why one would have her pregnancy aborted. To this day, abortion is a major issue all over the country, and although there may be good arguments against abortion, there are still those that are stronger and l fully support the right of a woman to decide what is best for her body, her life, and the potential life of the child she is carrying; in all, I am "pro-choice," and therefore argue that abortion laws should be made federal, rather than state laws, which will allow each individual to choose for herself whether or not abortion is what is right under the circumstances.
To begin, the word abortion, according to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, means, "The termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus" (abortion). Before about 1970 the word abortion was almost completely unknown by most people and for those who did know what it was, it was unthinkable. Around that time is when the infamous abortion case Roe v. Wade came into play. Dallas County, Texas District Attorney, Henry Wade defended the state when attorneys Linda Coffee and Sarah Weddington sued on behalf of Norma L. McCorvey, aka "Jane Roe," who claimed to have been raped and as a result became pregnant. "...No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," -section I of the 14th Amendment (Elbel). Texas was sued on the grounds that its state abortion laws were in violation of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment in the U.S. Constitution concerning privacy. During the course of the trails, she received no abortion, but instead had the child and put it up for adoption (ROE v. WADE).
Abortions in the United Sates were not legal prior to this case, however, that is the very issue at hand; because of Roe v. Wade, although there may be restrictions, abortion is now legal in our country. The result of Roe v. Wade essentially held that a mother may abort her pregnancy for any reason, up until the point when the fetus’ life becomes ‘viable.’ Courts defined viable as a fetus having the potential to live outside its mother's womb, even if it needs the help of artificial aiding. Viability is usually placed at about seven months, or 28 weeks, but may occur earlier at about 24 weeks. One may abort her pregnancy up to the third trimester of her pregnancy and to partition that up would look something like this: during the first trimester (first four months of pregnancy) states cannot prohibit abortions nor can they regulate the manner in which they are performed. During the second trimester (fourth to sixth months of pregnancy) states...
Bibliography: "Abortion in the United States." Wikipedia. 2008. N/A. 16 Nov 2008 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortion_in_the_United_States
Meier , Robert F.
Craig , Barbara Hinkson. Abortion and American Politics . Chatham: Chatham House, 1993.
"Planned Parenthood v. Casey." The Oyez Project, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992).
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