top-rated free essay

Robots And AI

By Szabcio Dec 02, 2014 823 Words
Robots and Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) is arguably the most exciting field in robotics. It's certainly the most controversial: Everybody agrees that a robot can work in an …………………..........., but there's no consensus on whether a robot can ever be intelligent. Like the term "robot" itself, artificial intelligence is hard to define. Ultimate AI would be a recreation of the human thought process - a man-made machine with our intellectual abilities. This would include the ability to learn just about anything, the ability to …………….., the ability to use language and the ability to formulate original ideas. Roboticists are nowhere near achieving this level of artificial intelligence, but they have made a lot of progress with more limited AI. Today's AI machines can replicate some specific elements of intellectual ability. Computers can already solve problems in limited realms. The basic idea of AI problem-solving is very simple, though its execution is complicated. First, the AI robot or computer gathers facts about a situation through sensors or human input. The computer compares this information to stored data and decides what the information ………………... The computer runs through various possible actions and predicts which action will be most successful based on the collected information. Of course, the computer can only solve problems it's programmed to solve -- it doesn't have any generalized analytical ability. Chess computers are one example of this sort of machine. Some modern robots also have the ability to learn in a limited ……………….. Learning robots recognize if a certain action (moving its legs in a certain way, for instance) achieved a desired result (navigating an obstacle). The robot stores this information and attempts the successful action the next time it ………………….. the same situation. Again, modern computers can only do this in very limited situations. They can't absorb any sort of information like a human can. Some robots can learn by …………………. human actions. In Japan, roboticists have taught a robot to dance by demonstrating the moves themselves. Some robots can interact socially. Kismet, a robot at M.I.T's Artificial Intelligence Lab, recognizes human body language and voice ………………. and responds appropriately. Kismet's creators are interested in how humans and babies interact, based only on tone of speech and visual cue. This low-level interaction could be the foundation of a human-like learning system. Kismet and other humanoid robots at the M.I.T. AI Lab operate using an unconventional control structure. Instead of directing every action using a central computer, the robots control lower-level actions with lower-level computers. The program's director, Rodney Brooks, believes this is a more accurate model of human intelligence. We do most things automatically; we don't decide to do them at the highest level of consciousness. The real challenge of AI is to understand how natural intelligence works. Developing AI isn't like building an artificial heart -- scientists don't have a simple, concrete model to work from. We do know that the brain contains billions and billions of neurons, and that we think and learn by ………………….. electrical connections between different neurons. But we don't know exactly how all of these connections add up to higher reasoning, or even low-level operations. The complex circuitry seems incomprehensible. Because of this, AI research is largely theoretical. Scientists hypothesize on how and why we learn and think, and they experiment with their ideas using robots. Brooks and his team focus on humanoid robots because they feel that being able to experience the world like a human is essential to developing human-like intelligence. It also makes it easier for people to interact with the robots, which potentially makes it easier for the robot to learn. Just as physical robotic design is a handy tool for understanding animal and human anatomy, AI research is useful for understanding how natural intelligence works. For some roboticists, this insight is the ultimate goal of designing robots. Others ………………… a world where we live side by side with intelligent machines and use a variety of lesser robots for manual labor, health care and communication. A number of robotics experts predict that robotic evolution will ultimately turn us into cyborgs -- humans integrated with machines. ………………….., people in the future could load their minds into a sturdy robot and live for thousands of years! In any case, robots will certainly play a larger role in our daily lives in the future. In the coming decades, robots will gradually move out of the industrial and scientific worlds and into daily life, in the same way that computers spread to the home in the 1980s.

assembly line – linia montażowa
capacity – pojemność
conceivably – niewykluczone
incomprehensible – niezrozumiały
to encounter – natknąć się
to envision – wyobrażać sobie
to establish – tworzyć
to inflect – modulować
to mime – naśladować
to reason – rozumować
to signify - oznaczać
The words aren’t in correct forms! 

Questions:
1. Why is Ultimate Artificial Intelligence so hard to achieve? 2. What are the benefits of humanoid robots?
3. Do you think there's ever any danger of Artificial Intelligence?

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Ai and Robotics

    ...have read turing test, AI and robotics have always fascinated me. I always wondered how a computer can compete human intelligence. When the first robot, its name, was commercially launched my fascination turned into the passion to take up research in the subject. Thus, I took up AI & Robotics as my research topic. AI is a branch ...

    Read More
  • robots

    ...Leonardo's robot, also known as medieval man, refers to a humanoid automaton designed by Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1495. According to Wikipedia, The design notes for the robot appear in sketchbooks that were rediscovered in the 1950s. Leonardo displayed his "robot" at a celebration hosted by Duke Sforza at the court of Milan in ...

    Read More
  • The Robot

    ...Not Everyone Is open Minded Published on a poem website is a love poem written by Michael Mack. It is known as, The Robot. He wrote The Robot from a personal experience in the year of 2007. Mr. Mack was in Ft.Lauderdale, Florida, when he wrote The Robot. His Purpose in The Robot is to show that there are two sides of the story when a person ...

    Read More
  • Robot

    ...The Development of artificial intelligence has been receiving great attention from many people. Especially, robotics is considered a most interesting potential field because people expect robots to come into their lives. Robots will make our lives more comfortable, doing household duties, security jobs, tending the elderly, etc. Therefore, it is...

    Read More
  • Robots

    ...Robotic Development The researchers in “New Robot Has Come to Conquer Human Race…With Snacks!” By Aaron Saenz are on the frontier of robot development. The researchers at Carnegie Mellon are developing a robot named SnackBot which goes around offering snacks to people. In the experiment of SnackBot in the workplace the researchers were o...

    Read More
  • Robots

    ...the past few years of concentrating on short and medium term futures, we have remained fascinated by one long term emerging issue‑‑the Rights of Robots. The predictable response to the question: should robots have rights has been one of disbelief. Those in government often question the credibility of an agency that funds such research. ...

    Read More
  • ROBOT

    ...running 4) It costs money to make or buy a robot  Robotics and automations can increase safety, reliability, production amount, profit, quality and quantity of products in a lot of cases. They can do jobs in dangerous situations and save lives of thousands of people. They do not care about the comfort of their environment. Human needs such ...

    Read More
  • Educational Robots

    ..........................2 Peter M. Asaro: What Should We Want From a Robot Ethic? ...............................................................................................9 Alistair S. Duff: Neo-Rawlsian Co-ordinates: Notes on A Theory of Justice for the Information Age ...................................... 17 John P. Sullins: When Is a Ro...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.