Robert Peel Police History

Topics: Police, Sheriff, United States Pages: 3 (761 words) Published: September 1, 2013
The history of the Police
Jared Glover
CJA/214
Introduction to Police Theory and Practices
Professor Nicholas

The history of the Police

Ever since people have been somewhat civilized they have been making ways to protect themselves and their property. In our modern times our tax money goes to the police force in our community and our country to enforce laws and protect the citizens. In this paper we are going to look at the contributions of Sir Robert Peel to the modern state of the police. We will also be looking at the relationship between the U.S. government and the policing organizations throughout the United States and how this relationship may affect police practices. As I have mentioned earlier some sort of policing has been around for a long time, however the way we view modern policing can be traced back to Sir Robert Peel who devoted the last years of his life to develop a force whose theories and practices can still be seen today. Sir Robert Peel once famously said “the police are the people and the people are the police” While putting together the force Peel came up with nine elements that are still the base of police practices today. These nine elements revolve around community policing efforts and include extensive training in problem analysis and solving, facilitation, community organization, mediation and conflict resolution, resource identification and use, networking, and cross-cultural understanding. Sir Robert Peel's first principle was that the "basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder". Peel established the police, also known as "Bobbies”. The introduction of “beats” was performed by Bobbies as a form of patrolling. Our law enforcement agencies still have police patrolling the streets with the goal of preventing crime. Public approval and cooperation are the basis of Sir Robert Peel's next five principles of effective policing. Peel stated that the ability of the police to perform their duties is...

References: Langeluttig, Albert (1927). The Department of Justice of the United States. Johns Hopkins Press.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_enforcement_in_the_United_States
http://voices.yahoo.com/law-enforcement-sir-robert-peels-concept-community-638595.html?cat=17
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