top-rated free essay

Rizal and Other Heroes

By cheskaeveg Mar 14, 2011 915 Words
SUMMARY:
RIZAL AND THE OTHER HEROES:
José Rizal was a Filipino polymath, nationalist and the most prominent advocate for reforms in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era and its eventual independence from Spain. He is considered a national hero and the anniversary of Rizal's death is commemorated as a Philippine holiday called Rizal Day. Rizal's 1896 military trial and execution made him a martyr of the Philippine Revolution. He is the seventh of eleven children born to a middle class family in the town of Calamba, Laguna, Rizal attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila and then traveled alone to Madrid, Spain where he studied medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid, earning the degree of Licentiate in Medicine. He attended the University of Paris and earned a second doctorate at the the University of Heidelberg. Rizal was a polyglot conversant in at least ten languages. He was a prolific poet, essayist, diarist, correspondent, and novelist whose most famous works were his two novels, Noli me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. These are social commentaries on the Philippines that formed the nucleus of literature that inspired dissent among peaceful reformists and spurred the militancy of armed revolutionaries against 333 years of Spanish rule. As a political figure, Rizal was the founder of La Liga Filipina, a civic organization that subsequently gave birth to the Katipunan led by Bonifacio and Aguinaldo. He was a proponent of institutional reforms by peaceful means rather than by violent revolution. The general consensus among Rizal scholars, however, attributed his martyred death as the catalyst that precipitated the Philippine Revolution. Andres Bonifacio was the son of Santiago Bonifaciio and Catalina de Castro on November 30, 1863. Andres Bonifacio only finished primary school because at a young age of 14, his parents have died and he was forced to stop his studies and take care of his younger brothers and sisters. He worked as a messenger of Fleming and Company and since his earnings there was insufficient; he moved to Fressel and Company and worked as an agent there. Despite his lack of proper education, he studied on his own through reading. He likes to write poetry and also became as a moro-moro stage actor. He became a passionate Filipino nationalist and when Jose Rizal had established the La Liga Filipina, Andres Bonifacio was a member. When Jose Rizal was deported to Dapitan, he immediately organized the KKK or the “Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga anak ng bayan”. KKK had quickly spread to different parts of the country in 1894 and in May of 1896, he felt like he could lead a successful revolution but before he could set out his plans; the secret society was discovered by the Spanish authorities. In Pugad Lawin, Caloocan, Andres Bonifacio together with the thousands of Katipuneros assembled and tore their cedulas. He had formed an assembly in Tejeros, Cavite to establish the Republic of the Philippines. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected as the first president of the Philippines while Andres Bonifacio was elected as Secretary of the Interior. Since he did not have a good educational background, his qualifications were questioned by Daniel Tirona. He was offended by this and declared the election to be void. He then moved to Naic, Cavite to create his own government and formed his own army. While Andres Bonifacio was in Naic, Emilio Aguinaldo and his forces gained more success and control over some towns. When Andres Bonifacio left Naic, Emilio Aguinaldo ordered for his arrest but Bonifacio resisted the arrest and he was tried in court and was sentenced to death by the military tribunal. Andres Bonifacio was executed in Maragondon, Cavite by Emilio Aguinaldo’s men on May 10, 1897. Today, Andres Bonifacio is being regarded as a National Hero and Bonifacio Day is being celebrated every 30th of November in honor of his heroism. Apolinario Mabini was a Filipino political philosopher and revolutionary. He wrote the constitution for the first Philippine republic of 1899-1901 and served as the first prime minister in 1899.  He has been called the Brains of the Revolution. Another moniker is "the Sublime Paralytic" because he was paralyzed by polio.  His most popular work is his Decalogue for Filipinos.   Emilio Jacinto, who gave light to the Katipunan, was born in Trozo, Manila to Mariano Jacinto, a bookkeeper, and Josefa Dizon. Despite the family’s acute financial conditions, Jacinto received a good education. In 1894, at the age of 19, he joined the Katipunan where Bonifacio befriended him. To Bonifacio, Jacinto was the “Soul of the society.” In the Katipunan elections of December 31, 1895, Jacinto, only a pre-law student in the University of Santo Tomas, was elected fiscal or number two man in the Supreme Council. His enthusiasm, ideals and spirit soon guided the course of the secret revolutionary society. He wrote the Kartilya ng Katipunan (Primer of the Katipunan), and the oath of membership, which served as guiding principles of the Katipuneros.

CONCLUSION:
Rizal, Bonifacio, Mabini and Jacinto were all Filipino leaders, nationalists, political and social commentators who helped our country to rise and to build our own nation and culture. They considered to be a “rare comet” who indeed shines as a guiding stars for us students. They were an individual, Malayan, who embodied a noble spirit and a great mind who used it for the liberation of the powerless and poor. They enhance the hope of inspiring others to imitate they great and passionate drive.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Rizal

    ...José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) is the most venerated and acclaimed patriot in the Philippines recognized for his unselfish and non-violent contributions to the historical and social transformations in the country. He is one of the national heroes of the Philippines regarded by the National ...

    Read More
  • Rizal

    ...of Queen Ma. Cristina there were four assign to the colonial government and two acting capacity. Rizal observes in his Noli Me Tangere that Governor-General was talking to Crisostomo Ibarra about his burdens he weigh in his shoulder. About his hardship of pleasing the King Minister and worst is when he consult the mother country about his propo...

    Read More
  • Rizal and His Relationship with Other Filipino Heroes

    ...Rizal and His Relationship with Other Filpino Heroes The young hero devoted his life seeking redemption for his oppressed countrymen. He valiantly objects injustices in own kind of dealings. Fought through pen, a tool mightier than sword, to defend his idealism of his culture, tradition, government, religion, and race. But what made him...

    Read More
  • RIZAL

    ...Crawfurd put it in its History of the Indian Archipelago, in all of Asia the "Philippines alone did improve in civilization, wealth, and populousness under the colonial rule" of a foreign power.[81] John Bowring, Governor General of British Hong Kong from 1856 to 1860, wrote after his trip to Manila: Credit is certainly due to Spain for havin...

    Read More
  • Rizal

    ...against the Catholic Church would have their cause served had Rizal remained a freemason until his death. These people had a fanatical hatred of Catholicismdating from the Age of Enlightenment and the French Revolution. As in the propagation of anti-Spanish ideas in our history, the cause of freemasonry, anti-Catholicism, etc… is enhanced. Th...

    Read More
  • rizal

    ...book of the thought 2. Contains bitterness, hatred, pain, violence, and sorrow ii. The original intention of Rizal was to make the Fili longer than the Noli 1. Rizal had to cut the Fili drastically owing to lack of funds iii. Rizal himself considered the Noli as superior to the Fili VIII. RIZAL’S UNFINISHED THIRD NOVEL a. Letter to Blum...

    Read More
  • rizal

    ...Synopsis José Rizal was born on June 19, 1861, in Calamba, Philippines. While living in Europe, Rizal wrote about the discrimination that accompanied Spain's colonial rule of his country. He returned to the Philippines in 1892, but was exiled due to his desire for reform. Although he supported peaceful change, Rizal was convicted of sedition...

    Read More
  • Rizal

    ...Why Rizal considered as our National Hero? Historians and laymen can produce many reasons whyJose Rizal is the national hero of the Philippines. Below are some of the most frequently cited ones. Nobility and Dignity What set Rizal apart from the others were his methods. Instead of relaying on the sword, he relied on the might of the pen....

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.