After his sojourn in Europe, he decided to return to his homeland. There were many reasons why he wanted to return home like (1): the bad situations that were happening in Calamba because of agrarian trouble; (2) the cataract treatment of his mother; (3) to practice his medical profession and to be with his family; (4) want to know what happened to Leonor Rivera. His education, work and writings of Rizal including his associations with professors, scholars and scientist made him famous in Europe. He may wanted to see the effect of the ” Noli Me Tangere” in first hand to his people and the abusive Spanish authorities.
He had a delightful trip from Europe to Manila. It was also a happy homecoming in Calamba, Laguna . However, the family of Rizal knew that they were plotting to be killed because of his writing in “Noli Me Tangere” . He was able to live in peace with the protection of his family in Calamba and was able to practice his medical profession where he first treated the eyes of his mother However, in six months of sojourn in Calamba he failed to see his sweetheart Leonor Rivera.
The return of Rizal was no longer peaceful when the controversial novel reached to the hands of the Spanish authorities and the Dominican friars. Those who were able to read just like the liberal-minded Governor General Emilio Terrero found out that it was not advocating subversive ideas. However, the Archbishop of Manila, the rector and professors of University of Santo Tomas reported that the novel was heretical, impious and scandalous in the religious order. I must have known that Rizal was not like by the Dominican Friars even when he studied medicine in the same university. I was further reported that it was anti-patriotic, subversive of public order, injurious to the government of Spain and its function in the Philippine Islands in the political order. There were other critics of Rizal such as Augustinian, F. Jose Rodriguez, including the Senate of Spanish Cortes who occupied various high positions in the Philippines.
The governor general knew there was nothing wrong with the novel, what he did was to give a bodyguard to Rizal where he assigned the young Spanish lieutenant, Don Jose Taviel de Andrade. They then became close friend as they had the same line of interest as educated and cultured young men.
As a result of the hatred of the Dominican friars because of the publication of Noli in Europe, the government investigation of the friar estate in the agrarian trouble of Calamba found out that the hacienda of the Dominican Order comprised not only the lands around Calamba, but also the town of Calamba. Furthermore, the government investigation was all favorable outcome for the Dominican Order in the rentals paid by tenants, no contributions made by the hacienda owners in the different celebrations, including education and agriculture, high rates were charged to the tenants. It was also reported to Governor General Terrero for the possible deportation and other threats of Rizal advised him to leave the country.
This article provides us an interesting story about the life of Rizal when he returned to his hometown. He may live in peace with the protection of his family and friends including the governor general , however, the hatred of the Spanish friars totally changed the situation that the government actions were against all to those who are near to Rizal because of his novel that exposes the truth about the exploitation of the Filipinos at that time.
After his sojourn in Europe, he decided to return to his homeland. There were many reasons why he wanted to return home like:(1) the bad situations that were happening in Calamba because of agrarian trouble;(2) the cataract treatment of his mother and to practice his medical profession; to be with his family; and (3) wanted to know what happened to Leonor Rivera.
It also provides us an interesting story about the life of Rizal when he returned to his hometown. He...
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