Dr Jose Rizal, national hero of the Philippines
The following article about Dr Jose Rizal is widely circulated on the Internet in celebration of Rizal Day which is observed every 30th day of December, the day he was executed in Bagumbayan by Spanish authorities, more than 100 years ago. To preserve the originality of the report,I am presenting it the same way it is found on the Internet and as written by two sources of information, for which I express my indebtedness and gratitude. Rizal as the Father of Filipino Nationalism (Manila: Bureau of printing, 1941), pp.3-4.; and Rizal's Concept of World Brotherhood, 1958, pp.48-60. The intention of printing this article Dr. Rizal, is to provide a fresh perspective about him and his teachings - and principally for the cause for which he gave his life in the light of present problems and challenges. - Dr Abe V Rotor
TRIVIA: Complete name of Jose Rizal: José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda The Philippine national hero, Jose Rizal, has his own views and concepts about Global Fellowship which is synonymous to "Internationalism", "Worldwide Brotherhood", "International Alliance", and "Global Fellowship of Humankind". The following concepts are taken from Rizal's own words, speeches, literature, and careful analysis of his personal history and works.
Factors that shaped Rizal
Among the factors that shaped Jose Rizal as a person:
1. Racial origin: Rizal descended from the Malay race and also genetically inherited the mixed Ilocano and Pangasinan bloodline of his mother. He also has Chinese and Spanish lineage.
2. Faith (religion): Christianity also shaped Rizal's way of thinking. He was born, baptized, and raised as a Roman Catholic.
3. His being a reader of books: He read many manuscripts, books, and other publications printed in various languages.
4. His being a linguist: His knowledge of different languages apart from his own. He can speak and understand 22 languages.
5. His voyages: He was able to befriend foreigners from the various nations that he was able to visit.
Rizal's ideas about "Brotherhood" (Fellowship)
These are Rizal's ideas about the subject of having a fellowship or brotherhood of humankind:
1. Education: The proper upbringing and education of children and daughter in order for them to prevent the same fate and suffering experienced by the uneducated and ignorant fellowmen under the rule of the Spaniards.
2. Faith or religion: The belief in only one God. The existence of different religions should not be the cause of misunderstandings. Instead, this existence of many religions should be used to attain unity and freedom. There should be deep respect to every individual's faith; the beliefs that one had become accustomed to and was brought up with since childhood.
3. Fellowman: It is important for one person to have a friend (fellow) and the establishment of an acquaintance with fellow human beings. (It is also important) to recognize the equality of rights of every fellow human being regardless of differences in beliefs and social status.
Rizal's efforts to promote a "Global Fellowship"
Rizal promoted global fellowship through the following:
a. Formation of organizations: Included here are known scholars and scientists recognized as the International Association of Filipinologists.
b. Friendship: In every journey, he was able to meet and befriend foreigners who sympathize with the experiences and events occuring in the Philippines.
c. Maintenance of communication: Before and during his exile at Dapitan, Rizal was able to keep in touch with his friends located in different parts of the world. He was also able to exchange opinions, writings and even specimens which he then studied and examined.
d. Joining organizations: Rizal believed in the goals of organizations that are related to the achievement of unity and freedom of humankind. He always had the time and opportunity to join into organizations.
Basis of "Worldwide Brotherhood" (Worldwide Fellowship)
These are the basis of the above ideas, which were then taken from Rizal's opinions found in his own writings and speeches which intend to establish unity, harmony, alliance and bonding among nations: The fundamental cause or reason for having the absence of human rights is eradicated through the establishment of unity.
One of Rizal's wishes is the presence of equal rights, justice, dignity, and peace. The basis for the unity of mankind is religion and the "Lord of Creations"; because a mutual alliance that yearns to provide a large scope of respect in human faith is needed, despite of our differences in race, education, and age. One of the negative effects of colonialism is racial discrimination. The presence of a worldwide alliance intends to eradicate any form of discrimination based on race, status in life, or religion.
Rizal wishes Peace to become an instrument that will stop the colonialism (colonization) of nations. This is also one of Rizal's concerns related to the "mutual understanding" expected from Spain but also from other countries. Similar to Rizal's protest against the public presentation (the use as exhibits) of the Igorots in Madrid in 1887 which, according to him, caused anger and misunderstanding from people who believed in the importance of one's race.
Hindrances towards the achievement of a "Worldwide Brotherhood"
However, Rizal also knew that there are hindrances in achieving such a worldwide fellowship: Change and harmony can be achieved through the presence of unity among fellowmen (which is) the belief in one's rights, dignity, human worth, and in the equality of rights between genders and among nations.
From one of the speeches of Rizal:
“The Philippines will remain one with Spain if the laws are observed and carried out (in the Philippines), if the Philippine civilization is "given life" (enlivened), and if human rights will be respected and will be provided without any tarnish and forms of deceitfulness. ” Rizal's words revealed the hindrances against an aspired unity of humankind:
1. The absence of human rights.
2. Wrong beliefs in the implementation of agreements.
3. Taking advantage of other people.
4. Ignoring (not willing to hear) the wishes of the people.
5. Racial discrimination.
Excerpt from one of Rizal's letter to a friend:
“ If Spain does not wish to be a friend or brother to the Philippines, strongly the Philippines does not wish to be either. What is requested are kindness, the much-awaited justice, and not pity from Spain. If the conquering of a nation will result to its hardship, it is better to leave it and grant it its independence. ”
This letter presents Rizal's desire and anticipated friendship between Spain and the Philippines, but one which is based on equality of rights.
NOTE: This article serves as a reference guide to students taking the Rizal Course, a 3-unit subject in college. x x x
what is RA (Republic Act) 1425 ‘74
RA 1425 Explanation based on Rizal Website
RA No. 1425 prescribes the teaching of the life, works and writings of Jose Rizal for all school, colleges and universities. Students and teachers, in the past years, have relied on books and periodicals from the library to do their studies on Rizal. The advent of Information Technology, however, facilitated the acquisition and sharing of ideas among peoples of varied persuasions throughout the globe. Survey results show that more and more students are using the Internet to do research work. This Jose Rizal website is, therefore, designed, and created to assist students in the appreciation of the role of Rizal in the development of the Filipino nation. The web contains very comprehensive materials on and by Rizal in both the English and Filipino languages. Further more, it is offered for free to everyone. The endorsement of the web by the Commission on Higher Education helped increase the number of visitors. This web continues to acquire and update information about Rizal in order to be of better service to the users. source:
What is RA 1425?
Just in the year 1956, to be exact, on June 12 (the anniversary of the declaration of independence) the parliament in Manila passes a law (Republic Act Number 1425) which decreed the entire works of Rizal as teaching material in all private and public schools and universities. Since the correspondence with Blumentritt represents the biggest portion of Rizal's exchange of letters it can be said with full justification that Blumentritt is known to practically every schoolchild in the Philippines. Kurt, a grandson of Blumentritt, was presented an honorary plaque posthumously on December 30, 1978, on the death anniversary of Rizal, for his grandfather's exceptional interest in the history and culture of the Philippine people . . for his voluntary alliance, his cooperation and his identification with the Philippine reformist politicians . . . for the publication of many valuable works about the Philippines . . and for the inspiration and active support, which he lent the propaganda actions . above all, to his best friend, Dr. Jose Rizal . . ." A year later, Blumentritt was admitted posthumously to the order of the Knights of Rizal in the rank of "Knight Commander". Here too, in the substantiation for his admission, Blumentritt was cited as inspirer-advisor and friend of Rizal for life and appreciation was paid him for introducing Rizal to the prominent men of letters and science in Europe and for being a constant source of courage to his friend and the inspiration for Rizal's vision of an independent Philippine nation. In one of the numerous future visions which were exchanged between Rizal and Blumentritt, Rizal writes in the possibly most touching letter of this long correspondence: "Yes, I believe the time is already near when I may return to the Philippines. When I am already there, then you must come with your whole family and live with me; I am provided with a big library, I shall have a little house built on a hill for myself; then I shall devote myself to the sciences, read history and write, establish a school and if you can bear the climate, then you shall be the director. I am sure all the young ones, the best in the country shall come to us: Blumentritt-Rizal will stay in the memory of the Filipino people like Goethe and Schiller, like Horatius and Virgil, like the Humboldts ..." The inexorability of history destroyed the dream of Rizal but his vision for the Filipino people came true - the memory of the two friends is alive. May these lines contribute to making a breach in the wall of ignorance and forgetfulness so that on his side of the globe, Ferdinand Blumentritt will finally be honored. source: http://www.univie.ac.at/Voelkerkunde/apsis/aufi/rizal/nat-mour.htm
Pambansang Kumperensiya: Batas Rizal
"Ang R.A. 1425 sa Loob ng 50 Taon"
Malugod po namin kayong inaanyayahang dumalo sa Pambansang Kumperensya tungkol sa ika-50 taon ng Batas Rizal, na pinamagatang "ANG R.A. 1425 SA LOOB NG 50 TAON." Ito po ay idaraos sa Hunyo 19, 20 at 21, 2006 sa Pulungang Claro M. Recto, Bulwagang Rizal, Unibersidad ng Pilipinas sa Diliman, Lungsod Quezon, sa pagtataguyod ng UP Departamento ng Filipino at Panitikan ng Pilipinas, UP Kolehiyo ng Arte at Literatura, National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) at Knights of Rizal, Inc., Sa pangkalahatan, layunin nito na: 1. malagom ang implementasyon ng Batas Rizal sa sistemang pang-edukasyon simula 1956 tungo sa mabisang pagpapatupad pa nito; at mula rito'y makahalaw at makapagmungkahi ng mabisang pagtuturo ng buhay at mga sulatin, partikular ang dalawang nobelang Noli at Fili, sa anyong modyul at iba pang kaparaanan. 2. makapagdulot ng napapanahong kaalaman mula sa bagong pagtanaw at pananaliksik hinggil sa pambansang bayani; at 3. mapalakas ang ugnayan sa lebel na indibidwal at institusyonal sa hanay ng mga kalahok hinggil sa layunin ng kumperensya. more on http:// batasrizal.blogspot.com/