Top-Rated Free Essay

Rizal

Good Essays
EL FILIBUSTERISMO
WRITING OF EL FILIBUSTERISMO * El Filibusterismo/El Fili is the sequel of Jose Rizal’s first novel (Noli Me Tangere). * The title of Jose Rizal’s second novel was based on his experience in 1872 when he first heard the word “filibustero” during the height of the issue on GOM-BUR-ZA’s execution. * The English version of this novel is entitled “The Reign of Greed.” * A year after his stint as a town doctor in Calamba, Jose Rizal made changes in the plot and edited some chapters of the novel. * Gregorio Zaide noted that Rizal finished the original manuscript of El Fili in Biarritz. Ambeth Ocampo, on the other hand, wrote that Rizal completed the manuscript in Brussels, Belgium. * It took three years for Dr. Jose Rizal to finish El Fili.
PUBLICATION OF EL FILIBUSTERISMO * Two Views * Gregorio Zaide * It was Jose Rizal who canvassed printing shops to print his novel. He carefully searched every printing press in Ghent and found F. Meyer van Loo press at No. 66 Viaanderen Street. * Ambeth Ocampo * It was Jose Alejandrino who searched for a cheap printing press and subsequently recommended the same company. * Jose Rizal pawned all his jewelries in order to pay the down payment for the printing of his second novel. Fortunately, Jose Ma. Basa and Rodriguez Arias sent him some funds to spend for his every day needs. * Rizal thought of throwing the whole manuscript of El Fili into the flames. * Fortunately, Valentin Ventura sent him sufficient funds to complete the printing of his book. * September 18, 1891 – copies of El Filibusterismo were released in the printing press. * As a sign of gratitude, Jose Rizal sent complementary copies to: * Jose Ma. Basa * Sixto Lopez * Ferdinand Blumentritt * Mariano Ponce * Graciano Lopez Jaena * Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera * Antonio and Juan Luna * He also sent the original manuscript of the novel to Valentin Ventura.
CIRCULATION OF EL FILIBUSTERISMO * Many Filipinos and Spanish authorities became interested in El Fili after it came off the press. * Filipinos in Barcelona published a positive review about El Filibusterismo in La Publicidad. * Other copies of the novel were sent to Hong Kong. Because of the confiscation of the novels by Hong Kong officials, the book became very rare.
EL FILIBUSTERISMO & GOM-BUR-ZA To the memory of the priests, Don Mariano Gomez (85 years old), Don Jose Burgos (30 years old), and Don Jacinto Zamora (35 years old). Executed in Bagumbayan Field on the 28th of February, 1872. To the Church, by refusing to degrade you, has placed in doubt the crime that has been imputed to you; the Government, by surrounding your trials with mystery and shadows, causes the belief that there were some error, committed in fatal moments; and all the Philippines, by worshipping your memory and calling you martyrs, in no sense recognizes your culpability. In so far, therefore, as your complicity in Cavite mutiny is not clearly proved, as you may or may not have cherished sentiments for justice and for liberty, I have the right to dedicate my work to you as victims of the evil which I undertake to combat. And while we wait expectantly upon Spain some day to restore your good name and cease to be answerable for your death, let these pages serve as a tardy wreath of dried leaves over your unknown tombs, and let it be understood that everyone who without clear proofs attacks your memory stains his hands in your blood.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT EL FILIBUSTERISMO * The original manuscript of the novel has many erasures. The ink Rizal used to erase the text had faded with time. With some effort it was possible to read everything Rizal had deleted years ago. * The first chapter in the original manuscript is entitled “Antiguos Conocidos” or “Old Acquaintances.” * However, the first chapter of the printed version of the novel was titled “Sobre Cubierta” or “On the Upper Deck.” * The popular name of the steamer in the opening chapter of El Fili is “vapor Tabo,” because of its shape. The original manuscript, on the other hand, calls this steamer as BATEA, which sounds like batia.

SEARCH FOR JOSE RIZAL’S THIRD NOVEL
“… My brother is translating the Noli Me Tangere into Tagalog. He has already translated a lot… While I rest from my professional work, I write the third part of my book in Tagalog. It deals only with Tagalog customs, exclusively for the usage, virtues, and defects of the Tagalog. I am sorry I cannot write it in Spanish, for I have found a very beautiful theme. I want to write a novel in the modern sense of the term – an artistic and literary novel. This time I want to sacrifice politics and everything for art. If I write it in Spanish, then the poor Tagalogs to whom the work is dedicated will not get to know it, though they may be the ones who need it most. What will the Europeans do with it? Perhaps they would only laugh and mock at our defects. The book gives me much difficulty, for many of the ideas cannot be expressed freely without my introducing many neologisms, and moreover I lack practice in writing Tagalog…”
(Ocampo, p. 96)
THERE REALLY WAS A THIRD NOVEL * Rizal wanted to write his next novel in Tagalog, addressing Tagalog readers rather than Europeans. It can be said that majority of his literary works were written in Spanish. * Rizal wanted to write a literary masterpiece that has a modern sense of the word and should be very artistic. * Rizal wanted to write a novel that would deal exclusively with usages, virtues, and defects of the Tagalogs.
RIZAL’S UNFINISHED NOVELS * Makamisa * It contains two chapters in Tagalog which deals with a scene after a mass. Its main characters involve superstitious parishioners with a certain Father Agaton as the parish priest. * Its manuscript contains 20 pages. With the shift of writing medium from Tagalog to Spanish, it is very premature to conclude the Makamisa was Rizal’s third novel because until today, no one has seen the Spanish continuation of the work. * Untitled Tagalog novel written on October 18, 1891 * Jose Rizal started to write this novel while he was aboard SS Melbourne in Marseilles bound for Hong Kong. * It consists of 44 pages in Rizal’s original handwriting. Its manuscript was kept in the National Library.

* Dapitan * This was written when Rizal was in exile in Dapitan. It presents the town’s unique life and customs. * Its manuscript consists of 8 pages. * Untitled novel about Pili, Laguna * Its manuscript consists of 147 pages. The story in this novel revolves around the life in Pili, a town in Laguna Province * This novel involved Padre Agaton, Capitan Panchong and Capitana Barang, Cecilia, Isagani, Capitan Crispin, and Dr. Lopez. * Untitled novel about Cristobal * This novel was about Cristobal, a Filipino student from Europe. * This novel involved Cristobal, Amelia, Capitan Ramon, a Dominican friar, a Franciscan friar, and a Spanish lieutenant of the Guardia Civil.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Rizal

    • 2936 Words
    • 9 Pages

    did Rizal Studied Abroad? Jose Rizal was a man of incredible intellectual power, with amazing artistic talent as well. He excelled at anything that he put his mind to - medicine, poetry, sketching, architecture, sociology and many more. Thus, Rizal's martyrdom by the Spanish colonial authorities while he was still quite young was a huge loss to the Philippines, and to the world at large. Today, the people of the Philippines honor him as their national hero. On June 19, 1861, Francisco Rizal Mercado…

    • 2936 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rizal

    • 1048 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The film starts with Dr. Jose Rizal (Cesar Montano) in Ghent, Belgium, supposedly writing his second novel, El Filibusterismo. As the narration during the opening minutes continued, scenes that illustrate Rizal’s first novel, “Noli Me Tanger” was shown and Crisostomo Ibarra and his alter ego, Simoun, (Joel Torre) was introduced. This stood more as a second story of the movie as the said scenes progress throughout the movie as Rizal’s thoughts. As the two novels spread throughout the Philippines,…

    • 1048 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rizal

    • 673 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Aira Angeli G. Maranan The Mercado - Rizal Family The seventh of the eleven children of Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonzo. José Rizal was born into a prosperous middle class Filipino family in the town of Calamba in the Province of Laguna. Dominican friars granted the family the privilege of the lease of a hacienda and an accompanying rice farm, but contentious litigation followed; later, Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau had the buildings destroyed. Rizal is the descendant of Domingo Lam-co, a…

    • 673 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Rizal

    • 413 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Rizal Submitted by: Jose Marcko Durano Submitted to: Sir Parawan Rizal, American sponsored Hero |Rizal was an American-sponsored hero | Rector’s Bill |Claro M. Recto Foundation | Why is Rizal the National hero? |Jose Rizal | Discovery in Binyan Jose Rizal |Jose Rizal…

    • 413 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Rizal

    • 3797 Words
    • 16 Pages

    first non-formal teacher * On her lap, Jose learned prayers and the alphabet at the age of three * Private Tutors of Rizal * Maestro Celestino was Jose’s first private tutor. * Maestro Lucas Padua was the second private tutor. * Maestro Leon Monroy became the hero’s tutor in Spanish and Latin. He was a classmate of Don Francisco. The Uncles of Rizal * Uncle Jose Alberto – gave wise direction in the studies of Jose. * Uncle Gregorio – instilled into the mind of Jose…

    • 3797 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rizal

    • 2535 Words
    • 11 Pages

    2012 2:44pm Before dawn on Sunday, a funeral procession made its way from the old Rizal home in Binondo, Manila, reenacting Rizal's burial for the first time, 116 years after his martyrdom. Dressed in 1920s attire, members of the Order of the Knights of Rizal reenacted the transfer of the remains of Rizal from Binondo to the site of the Rizal Monument in commemoration of Rizal’s 116th death anniversary. Rizal was only given a state funeral 16 years after he was executed in Bagumbayan in 1896…

    • 2535 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    rizal

    • 6638 Words
    • 22 Pages

    CHAPTER 19: EL FILIBUSTERISMO PUBLISHED IN GHENT I. PRIVATIONS IN GHENT a. Reasons for moving to Ghent i. Cost of printing in Ghent was cheaper than in Brussels ii. To escape from the enticing attraction of Petite Suzanne II. PRINTING OF EL FILIBUSTERISMO a. He pawned his jewels in order to pay the down payment and the early partial payments during the printing of the novel III. VENTURA, SAVIOR OF FILI a. Valentine Ventura in Paris learned of Rizal’s predicament and immediately sent him…

    • 6638 Words
    • 22 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rizal

    • 315 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Paul Henry G. Basilla COE91 Why Jose Rizal deserved the title of Philippine National Hero? Philippines, a country of courage, bravery and patriotism. Home of many people who are ready to fight for freedom and equality. When Spaniards set foot on our country, the colonizers tried to conquer Mactan. The place is leaded by a Datu named Lapu-lapu who opposed Catholicism, the Datu and his soldiers…

    • 315 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Rizal

    • 601 Words
    • 3 Pages

    RIZAL IN AMERICA Rizal arrived at San Francisco, California.He started his trip of the American continent. He passes through Reno, Ogden, Denver, Farmington, Salt Lake City and Provo.Rizal continued his trip, passing the territory of the State of Colorado. He reached Albany and later traveled along the bank of TheHudson River. This day was the end of his transcontinental trip.Arriving at New York on the morning; he boarded at the FifthAvenue Hotel. RIZAL LIFE WORKS IN LONDON He thought of publishing…

    • 601 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Rizal

    • 693 Words
    • 3 Pages

    fruitful life of Jose Rizal. José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda, an important person in the history of the Philippines and an icon that we can find in every history books in our country. We know him as the guy who dated a lot of women, he was short and not that physically attractive as others but he was more than that. Behind that minute physique of his, is a man that was full of courage and bravery. The film didn’t fail to give everyone an idea about how brave and bold Rizal was to stand for…

    • 693 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays