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Risk Assessment and Young People

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Risk Assessment and Young People
CYP Core 3.4 Unit 4 Support Children and Young People’s Health and Safety

1.1 Describe the factors to take into account when planning and safe indoor and outdoor environment and services.
Common sense is one of the most important qualities you need when providing play areas and activities that are healthy and safe for children and young people.
Factors to consider include:
Differing needs
Each young child and young person is unique and different individual, meaning that each will have differing needs, abilities and level of understanding. This is influenced by the age and stage of development each child has reached. If you care for children of mixed age range you may need to section of certain areas or have activities. This would prevent, for example, a child who is crawling from getting access to a climbing frame or unsupervised water-play.
Special needs
Some children and young people have special needs related to a physical condition, disability, sensory impairment or a learning difficulty. Keeping these children safe while providing them with equal opportunities to play, explore and be active is an additional challenge that requires careful thought. You may need to adapt play equipment or find suitable enabling or protective aids. Consider also how to make sure children understand safety instructions and can follow them sufficiently
Specific risks
There may be particular risks to bear in mind. For example, if you are working with colleague who is pregnant, or individuals with a sensory impairment, you will to make allowances. There may also be specific risks associated with particular activities, so you have to make sure to use the relevant safety equipment and give appropriate safety instructions in preparation. For example, if you are starting a baking session, don’t begin without making sure that aprons and oven gloves are available, that children know how who may use matches and how to use them safely, that only open the oven when an adult is

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