CYP Core 3.4 Unit 4 Support Children and Young People’s Health and Safety
1.1 Describe the factors to take into account when planning and safe indoor and outdoor environment and services. Common sense is one of the most important qualities you need when providing play areas and activities that are healthy and safe for children and young people. Factors to consider include:
Each young child and young person is unique and different individual, meaning that each will have differing needs, abilities and level of understanding. This is influenced by the age and stage of development each child has reached. If you care for children of mixed age range you may need to section of certain areas or have activities. This would prevent, for example, a child who is crawling from getting access to a climbing frame or unsupervised water-play. Special needs
Some children and young people have special needs related to a physical condition, disability, sensory impairment or a learning difficulty. Keeping these children safe while providing them with equal opportunities to play, explore and be active is an additional challenge that requires careful thought. You may need to adapt play equipment or find suitable enabling or protective aids. Consider also how to make sure children understand safety instructions and can follow them sufficiently Specific risks
There may be particular risks to bear in mind. For example, if you are working with colleague who is pregnant, or individuals with a sensory impairment, you will to make allowances. There may also be specific risks associated with particular activities, so you have to make sure to use the relevant safety equipment and give appropriate safety instructions in preparation. For example, if you are starting a baking session, don’t begin without making sure that aprons and oven gloves are available, that children know how who may use matches and how to use them safely, that only open the oven when an adult is present, and understand the importance of personal hygiene while cooking 1.2 Explain how health and safety is monitored and maintained and how people in your work setting are aware of risk and hazards and encouraged to work safely All care settings must have systems in place so that each aspect of health and safety concerning the workplace and practice are checked regularly. These should be itemised as part of a health and safety policy and include details about how often the checks should take place, who should make the checks and how information must be recorded and reported. Every member of staff has a right to have their health and safety protected and holds an equal responsibility to protect the health and safety of others. This includes the children and young people in your care, their families, your colleagues, visiting practitioners and other visitors. For example, a tradesperson such as an electrician might need to do repair or maintenance work during day of a playgroup. During the electrician’s visit children need to be kept safe from dangers such as tools and exposure to electricity, and the electrician must be kept safe from accidents and incidents, such as falling over a dropped toy or slipping in split juice. 1.3. Identify sources of current guidance for planning healthy and safe environments and services. There are a number of different sources of information available to you. Your place of work and your local library are good starting points, and a great deal of information can be found on the internet. People
colleagues – some of your colleagues may have specialist knowledge or wealth of experience from which you can benefit from visiting practitioners – people who practice in other professions but come to your workplace as part of the service provision may be able to give you different insights Documents
legislation documents explain ways in which health and safety relates to your work and your work role Policies describe under-running principles...
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