Rise Spread Of Islam

Satisfactory Essays
Topics: Islam, Muhammad
The Rise of Islam
AP World History

The Arabs
• Semitic speaking people of the Middle East
• Nomads who moved regularly to find water and food
• Settled in the Arabian peninsula – desert land
– lack of rivers and lakes

The Arabs
• Organized into independent clans/tribes to help one another with the harsh environment • Each tribe had a sheikh
• Developed the caravan trade and were major carriers of trade from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea
• Conflict over water & pasture land w/warrior culture The Arabs
• Early Arabs were polytheistic • Allah (Arabic for
“God”) was worshipped as a supreme god over other gods
• Each tribe had a sacred stone that was worshipped as a symbol of Allah

The Arabs
• Mecca grew as a result of the caravan trade and the worship of the Black Stone (meteorite) in a central shrine called the
Ka’bah
• Tensions arose between
Bedouins & the wealthier merchants from Mecca
• Umayyad tribe controlled
Mecca (monotheistic believed in Allah)

The Life of
Muhammad

Early Life
• Born in Mecca in 570 A.D. to a merchant family • Was an orphan, but grew up to become a caravan manager; contact with Jews &
Christians
• Married a rich widow named Khadija; bothered by class inequalities & rivalries
• Experienced visions and was visited by the angel Gabriel
• Came to believe that he received the final revelations of Allah (God)

Early Spread of Islam
• His followers (only 30) were persecuted so he leaves on the
Hegira (to Medina).
• He gains support in Medina and among the Bedouin tribes.
• The first Muslim community
(Umma)is formed here.

Conquering of Mecca
• 630 Muhammad conquers Mecca declares the Ka’bah a holy shrine.
• He removes the tribal idols, but keeps the Black Stone.
• Muhammad becomes the religious and political leader .

Why was Islam Attractive?





Equality no intermediaries
End to vendettas & feuds
Single authority

Spread of Islam
• Muhammad dies in 632 A.D.
• Left no clear successor or heir
• The position of Caliph

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    The rise and spread of Islam By Yunpeng Sun HIS101-009 Prof. Gerard P. Clock 12-07-2013 Yunpeng Sun HIS101-009 Prof. Gerard P. Clock The Rise and Spread of Islam The rise of the religion of Islam can be traced to the seventh century. In its usual view Islam is often seen solely in terms of its origins in the barren peninsula of Arabia. It is true that Islam can be traced to the Arabian city of Mecca, where it was revealed to the Prophet Mohammad, during the years…

    • 722 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Islam began in the early-7th century. Originating in Mecca, it quickly spread in the Arabian peninsula and by the 8th century the Islamic empire was extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus river in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century when much of the historically Islamic world was experiencing a scientific, economic and cultural flourishing.[8][9][10] The expansion of the Muslim world involved various caliphates…

    • 193 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Sela Carrington A3 3/25/14 The Rise and Rapid Spread of Islam 1. How does each account portray the enemy? The Islam account portrays their enemies as the fugitive enemy and the “unbelievers.” They pursued the fugitive enemy and killed any man who got in their way. Their enemies were referred to as a fierce fighting force. The Christian account portrays their enemies as people who were going to come into their land, and conquer them and everyone else who lived on it. The enemies were fierce…

    • 365 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    The religion of Islam has risen up and spread throughout the world to become one of the world’s three largest religions. Islam originated in the desert of present day Saudi Arabia amongst the Arabs. The Arabs were a Semitic-speaking people. They were also a polytheistic society that worshipped an enormous number of gods and goddesses. There was almost one for every day of the year. The entire way of life that the Arabs knew was about to change with the birth of the prophet Muhammad. This man…

    • 1905 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Spread of Islam

    • 1295 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Spread of Islam Andrew Lowery HIS 275/CA September18, 2014 Kerrin Conroy Spread of Islam Islam is not only one of the three major monotheistic religions in the world today, it is also it is the fastest growing. Additionally, political conflict between Islamic groups and the West play out on the international stage like the latest of the Crusades. The message of the Prophet Mohammad has been distorted and misunderstood by those outside of Islam who see only a religion of hatred. Islam did, however…

    • 1295 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Spread of Islam

    • 406 Words
    • 2 Pages

    As the Islam religion began to spread, it began to become a unifying cultural and economic force over Eurasia and Africa. There were many causes to why the Islam religion spread. These causes include trade, the Quran, people of high ranking, and educational institutions. Trade was a major influence on the economic side of Islam religion. For instance, trade led to the spread of food and industrial crops. Some of the new crops included staple foods such as sugarcane, rice, new varieties of sorghum…

    • 406 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Spread of Islam

    • 3956 Words
    • 16 Pages

    6.1 Outline – pg. 120-126 Brief - Islam was the first global civilization taking its roots in the Arabian Peninsula - It was spread by merchants, wandering mystics, and warriors across Africa, Asia, and Southern Europe - After its birth in the 7th century, Islamic civilization provided key links and channels for exchange among Mediterranean, Asian, and African cultures - Muslim works of philosophy, literature, mathematics, and the sciences elevated the Arabic language to the language of…

    • 3956 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Spread of Islam

    • 503 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The Spread of Islam Islam started to spread when Prophet Muhammad received his first revelation at forty years of age when Angel Gabriel gave him the message from god. Prophet Muhammad first started preaching about Islam to his wife and closets friends in secret for three years. Later he started preaching openly in Mecca ten years and in Medina for ten years. Islam only really started spreading when Prophet Muhammad died. It was the four caliphs that were really determined to spread Islam around…

    • 503 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Spread of Islam

    • 471 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Islam By: Tyrese Pope Between 570 to 750, Islam was a rapidly growing religion and the reasons of why are pretty obvious. In a way, it started with Muhammad, although he is not the founder, he spread the word of Allah. After that, Islam spread itself because of the vast trade routes, the government and the successful military. Mecca, the heart of the trade lands, was where most goods were sent out and retrieved. Whether it was Europe or Asia, the cargo was usually coming out of…

    • 471 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Spread Of Islam

    • 247 Words
    • 1 Page

    Spread of Islam The Islamic civilization spread to encompass such an extensive empire because of the practices and methods that they used. One of the methods that they use is “Believe or else pay tribute, obey the lord and his apostles and he will defend you , But if ye oppose and displease them , I will fight against you and take captive of your little ones and slay the elder .” This method made people believe in Mohammed and his Apostles and pay…

    • 247 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays