Literature Review- Rise Of tattoos In Today's Society
By, Tim Dawson
Tattoos are becoming extremely popular in today's society. They seem to be everywhere from professional athletes showing them off to even TV shows all about getting tattoos. They are becoming a norm in society or are they already the norm? Are they still considered rebellious? This will all be explored as this literature review will look into the history of tattoos, tattoos on the rise, health risks of tattoos, and why teens go and get tattoos. We will even take a look at a sociological study of the changing significance of tattoos. Tattoos seem to be on a rapid increase in popularity and a booming industry, that doesn't seem to be slowing down anytime soon. The article, The History of Tattooing, by Katherine L. Krcmarik a graduate student of Michigan State University, gives a good sense of where tattooing originated from and its history. Tattooing has existed for thousands of years. Tattoos found on Egyptian and Nubian mummies date from about 2000 B.C. The word tattoo comes from the Tahitian word tattau, which means "to mark. The first tattoo instruments used were believed to be typically a disk made of clay and red ochre together with sharp bone needles that are inserted into holes in the top of the disk. In the late 1700s, Captain Cook made several trips to the South Pacific. Returning from one of this trips, he brought a heavily tattooed Polynesian named Omai who became a sensation in London. Soon, the upper- class were getting small tattoos in discreet places. For a short time tattooing became a fad. What kept tattooing from becoming more widespread was its slow and painstaking procedure. In 1891, Samuel O'Rtiely made the first electric tattooing machine. As the average person could easily get a tattoo, the upper classes turned away from it. By the turn of the century, tattooing had lost a great deal of credibility. Tattooists worked the sleazier sections of town and heavily...
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