September 25, 2014
Nazi Germany Empire
The Nazi Germany Empire is a topic that draws attention to historians from around the world. Adolf Hitler formed his empire from just a couple people and into a world-dominating masterpiece. Nazi Germany is “the 12 year period” in which the people of Germany dealt with Hitler and his extremely uniformed government. The Nazi Germany Empire had great power because of an ingenious leader and loyal followers. It went on to be one of the greatest and most historically important empires up to date.
The Treaty of Versailles is what paved the way for the Nazi Empire. In the treaty it was stated that “the sole liability and responsibility is of the German Empire and its allies for the outbreak of the First World War” and that Germany had to pay for the majority of the war (Pawlak, Versailler Vertag). The treaty basically demanded that the German government pay millions of dollars in reparations for the war that they influenced. This caused the German people more frustration for two major reasons: they did not get their seat at the negotiations for the Treaty of Versailles, along with the Germans’ led to believe that they were not responsible for the war. This also led to economic inflation that “brought misery to sections of the middle class and created a general sense of disorder and chaos. Germans then began to believe that at that point they needed “highly radical solutions” (Gregor, The Rise of the Nazi Party), the German people needed Adolf Hitler. He sought to get his idea of true German nationalists into power, and succeeded.
Originally, Hitler was working for the government on a task to infiltrate the German Worker’s Party, unfortunately that backfired. He ended up agreeing with their views and joined the group later in 1919. Hitler began to climb the ranks within the group. His “key weapon” was described as being his speaking skills, motivating everyone that crossed his path. He portrayed himself as an ordinary German man who fought on the front in World War One. Successfully, he persuaded his followers out there with the image of being a man of the people, “as someone who understood ordinary Germans’ desires” (Gregor, The Rise of the Nazi Party). Once Hitler reached the top and gained full control of the party, the name was changed to the National Socialist German Worker’s Party, more commonly known as the Nazi Party. Along with this change came armed enforcers called Sturmabteilung (SA). “SA has been understood above all as an exemplar of the political violence that helped to destabilize Germany’s first parliamentary democracy.” (T.S. Brown, The SA in the Radical Imagination of the Long Weimar Republic) Below is an example of what the SA would wear. They wore khaki colored uniforms with the Swastika on their upper arm.
During this period in Germany’s history, the country’s economy was at an all time low. This public deflation attracted many people to the new party, the party with the most legislative influence. “By telling them what they already knew, [Hitler] was able to create a strong sense of bonding with his listeners” (Gregor, The Rise of the Nazi Party), German’s came from all over came to hear him speak in Beer Halls in Munich. Below is a picture of Hitler speaking in the Bear Hall Putsch. In 1923, Hitler allied himself with the chief of staff to Hidenburg Erich Ludendorff. General Ludendorff was responsible for the victory at the Battle of Tannenberg in 1914 (The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia), attracting Hitler onto wanting him on his side. Hitler planned to use his enforcers to start a coup and take over his district in Germany. This plan is what landed him in prison, where he wrote his famous Mein Kampf. Here Hitler devised a plan to take over the government, in a more quiet way. After a year in prison, he was released and began to rebuild his group of followers.
When the American stock market crashed in 1929, Hitler took advantage of the...
Citations: Brown, Timothy S. "The SA in the Radical Imagination of the Long Weimar Republic." Cambridge Journals Online 46.2 (2013): 238-74. Web.
Gregor, Neil. "The rise of the Nazi Party: Germany was awash with right-wing parties after the First World War. What made the Nazis stand out from the crowd?" 20th Century History Review 3.1 (2007): 9+. General OneFile. Web. 21 Sept. 2014.
"Hindenburg dead Herr Hitler to succeed; 03 August 1934." Times [London, England] 3 Aug. 1991. Academic OneFile. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.
"One document might have prevented WWII; If President Hindenburg 's will had been published the German people might never have given Hitler absolute power." Times [London, England] 14 Mar. 2014: 19. Academic OneFile. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.
Nazi Germany. (2002). In Greenwood encyclopedia of international relations. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fiu.edu/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com.ezproxy.fiu.edu/content/entry/abcintrel/nazi_germany/0
Ludendorff, Erich Von ( 1865-1937)
Pawlak, Björn. "Versailler Vertrag, Weimarer Republik Und Wirtschaftskrise." Deutschland Nach Dem Ersten Weltkrieg:. N.p., 1 Sept. 204. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.
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