top-rated free essay

Rise of Modern Science: Secularization

Oct 08, 1999 575 Words
The word secularization is derived from the Latin word saeculum(world) it was first used to refer the transfer of property from the church to the civil princes. Now it denotes the process by which religion loses some or all of its power, dominance and authority. Secularization as a concept refers to the actual historical process whereby this dualist system “ this world” and the sacramental structures of mediation between this world and the other world progressively breakdown until the entire medieval systems of classification disappear, to be replaced by new systems of spatial structuration of the spheres. The structured division of “this world” into two separate spheres, “the religious” and “the secular” has to be distinguished and kept separate. From now on, there will be only one single “this world”, the secular one, within which religion will have to find its own place. If before, it was the religious realm which appeared to be the all-encompassing reality within which the secular realm found its proper place, now the secular sphere will be the all-encompassing within which religious sphere will have to adapt. There are several conceptions of secularization. 1. Decline of religion

2. Differentiation of institution, practices and activities from religion 3. Transposition of norms from religion to the world 4. Desacralization of the world
5. Conformity of religion to the world
There are also causes of secularization
1. Industrialization
2. Urbanization
3. Some beliefs and practices in Christianity may have fostered some forms of secularization The Three separate moments of secularization The core and central thesis of the theory of secularization is the conceptualization of the process of societal modernization as a process of functional differentiation and emancipation of the secular sphere from the religious sphere and the concomitant differentiation and specialization of religion within its own newly found religious sphere 1. Differentiation and secularization of society To view modern historical transformation from the perspective of secularization means to view reality from the perspective of religion since the secular as a concept only makes sense relation to its counterpart, the religious. Weber’s theory of differentiation is a theory of secularization because it views this differentiation from the perspective of radical clash of each of the sphere. Protestant Reformation, formation of modern states, growth of modern capitalism and the early modern scientific revolution. Each of the four developments was one carrier of the process of secularization. Only the economic development affects the rates of secularization. Rise of modern science was one of the key developments that brought about secularization. Science transformed into a scientific worldview, which claimed to have replaced religion the way a new scientific paradigm replaces an outmoded one. 2. Decline of religion thesis It states that the process of secularization would bring in its wake the progressive shrinkage and decline of religion until, some extreme, it disappeared. Continuous decline of religion in Western Europe. Enlightenment and its critique of religion became themselves independent carrier of process of secularization wherever the established churches became obstacles to the modern process of functional differentiation. 3. Privatization of religion thesis 2 theses:

1. As far as the worldviews are concerned, largely completed secularization means that religious belief have become interpretation of life. 2. As far as the institutions are concerned, largely completed secularization means that institutionalized religion has been de-politicized as a result of functional differentiation of society. Privatization of religion is a historical option. Religious roles become specialized within the individual conscious.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Secularization, a Feature of Only Modern European Societies

    ...secularisation has been a feature only of modern European societies. Sociologists have minor differences on secularisation, whether this is the extent of secularisation or what is happening to society due to secularisation. A definition given by Wilson of secularisation is the process whereby religious beliefs, institutions and practices have lo...

    Read More
  • The Rise of Modern Japan

    ...College: Name: Tutor: Thesis statement: how the rise of modern Japan resulted in the Second World War. Among countries outside Europe and the US, Japan recorded a high rise to modernity. The high rate of modernization put the Japanese on a tight rope as far as there cultural and social values were concerned. For th...

    Read More
  • modern science

    ...Science, Technology and Medicine in Colonial India Interest in the science, technology and medicine of India under British rule has grown in recent years and has played an ever-increasing part in the reinterpretation of modern South Asian history. Spanning the period from the establishment of East India Company rule through to Independence, ...

    Read More
  • Rise of Modern Drama

    ...The Rise Of Modern Drama It is known as one of theatre's greatest periods today. The modern drama period is shaped by world-changing forces, such as industrial-technological revolution, democratic revolutions, and an intellectual revolution that would disrupt earlier conceptions of time, space, the divine, human psychology, and social order. ...

    Read More
  • India and Modern Science mentioned that India’s history of science and technology has special features such as: 1. India belongs to one of the oldest civilized cultures with a long tradition in science and technology. Her history of science can be studied in a different context compared to that of other modern civilizations. 2. For a long time, India was u...

    Read More
  • The rise of the Modern State

    ...position and argument the analysis of the modern state Focus: the “construction”/ “the making of” the modern state. What does “construction”/ “the making of” mean in this context? Modern state as an “European” invention “Decisive role” of the modern state in the development of modernity 2. State societies ver...

    Read More
  • Rise of Modern West

    ... THE RISE OF THE MODERN WEST Jyoti Shukla B.A. History (Hons) Second year 379 Assignment Briefly point out the major issues in the debate of transition from Feudalism to Capitalism. Maurice Dobb in his Studies in the Development of Capitalism in 1947, elaborated the Marxist debate over the western pattern of transition from Feudalism to ...

    Read More
  • The Rise of Modern Marketing

    ...The Rise of Modern Marketing Early marketing thought was created as a field of applied economics in the United States, in the late 1950s. This essay talks about the past, present and future of Modern Marketing, as a platform for better understanding the increasingly complex distributions systems of Modern Marketing. Firstly, the role economic...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.