The primary causes of the American Revolution were social in nature because the unjust treatment of the colonists provoked more intellectual thought about individual liberties. Events that induced such thought and were the publication of Common Sense by Thomas Paine, the signing of Declaration of Independence, and the Battle of Saratoga. Thomas Paine’s pamphlet, Common Sense gave hope to the American colonists. The signing of the declaration of independence reinforced the natural rights of the colonists. The American victory of the Battle of Saratoga persuaded the colonists that it was possible for them to over prevail over the British Empire. During 1765, about the time of the intolerable Tea Act, declaring independence had not even crossed the colonists’ minds; their main concern was fair treatment from the British Empire. After several attempts to reconcile with the king, and continual acts of oppression against the 13 colonies, Americans had had enough and separation from Britain was inevitable. The French Revolution demonstrated that the magnitude of violence is probable to be larger after the first incident of revolution. As one group claiming freedom or independence seeks to eliminate one or more other rival groups also claiming sovereignty. An excellent example in the French Revolution is the overthrow of the Constitutional Monarch on August 1792 and the creation of the First French Republic. Ensuing the creation of the Republic, the amount of violence escalated as the Republican regime looked to crush counter-revolutionary actions in France while straining at the same time to avoid defeat in war by the accumulated forces of Austria, Prussia, and Britain. The so-called Reign of Terror was put in place to annihilate both foreign and domestic forces of counter revolution. Once these foreign and domestic threats were in check in the spring of 1794, Terror continued in the direction of...
References: Craig, A. M., Graham, W. A., Kagan, D., Ozment, S., & Turner, F. M. (2011). The heritage of world civilizations (9th ed.).
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