top-rated free essay

Right and Duties of Citizens

By arunguptapriya Jul 29, 2013 809 Words
Generally the major persons of a country are called her citizens. The constitution of India has defined the qualifications to be an Indian citizen. Generally those who are born in India, who are born of the Indian parents and who are the long time residents of India are accepted as the Indian citizens. Besides, there are some special categories too. Every citizen has certain rights to enjoy. So he would have the obligation to do certain duties to his country an nation. A citizen should have duties and responsibilities for his country. He should try to do the public good. He should control his conduct on the light of the good of his country. He should exercise his rights with proper judgment and obey the law of road and the like. He should try to build himself to do the best service for the country. He should have patriotism and fellow-feeling. As a citizen, he should know his responsibility to discharge his duties. Conclusion:

It is a matter of regret that most of the Indian citizens are neglectful of their duties to India. However, it is hoped, our student community will do their duties to the country, while enjoying the rights, guaranteed by the Constitution. The duties and responsibilities of a free country can be discussed in four areas. These include the duty to finance the government, to vote in elections, provide public services to institutions of government and to review and question governmental decisions.

Most people try to avoid taxes, but to have the freedoms that we have, we must fund our government agencies. The Departments of Health, Defense, Education, Housing, Transportation and Communicable Disease Control (there are many others) all exist to make our lives better. To enjoy our comparatively trouble free lives, we must pay taxes.

Voting in elections is the only way citizens can stay free. When citizens fail to vote or have political opinions, they allow vested interests to have their way. This can quickly restrict their personal freedoms.

It also the responsibility of a free citizen to provide public service to the government. This means volunteering for various agencies and charities, but it also means to serve jury duty. Without this component, people will most certainly lose the opportunity to be judged by a jury of their peers.

Finally, it is a citizen's duty to scrutinize the government's actions and take stands against repression and the loss of their civil rights. When citizens get too complacent, they will not notice when their freedom is being abridged.

As you can see, a citizen's failure to participate in government can allow special interests to take control and will also have an impact on our ability to live comparatively trouble free lives.

Almost every modern state, especially a democracy, allows its citizens several rights; but in return, it expects its citizens to perform certain duties.

Among the rights enjoyed by the citizen in a democracy are the right to pursue his own affairs as he prefers; the right to express his views, however silly they may appear to others, and the right to move about as he pleases. The citizen is considered so important that his rights are protected by the law of the state, and whenever they are infringed, he can secure redress.

But in a totalitarian state, the rights of the citizen are so restricted that he has practically no freedom. The citizen is supposed to exist for the state. His interests are always subordinated to those of the state. Thus, his duties exceed his rights.

Even in a democracy, however, the citizen is expected to exercise his rights within the limits of the law. He should not do or say anything that may affect the rights of others. In exercising his right to act as he pleases, for example, he should not try to elope with another man’s wife or say anything slanderous about her or anyone. In the same way, his actions should not cause injury or damage to any individual or his property. He cannot kill as he pleases. If his conduct infringes the rights of others, then those who have been affected by his misconduct could take legal action against him and he will be punished according to the law of the state. In this way, the state protects its citizens and their rights from the thoughtlessness of any individual in the state. This means, of course, that every citizen in the state is expected to do his duty to his fellow citizens.

The citizen is also expected to give his services for the protection of the state in times of war, and to maintain law and order in his state, at all times.

Thus, every citizen who is conscious of his rights should also be conscious of his duties to the state and his fellow citizens.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Duties of a Citizen

    ...Recently you won’t be seeing an American citizen care much about anything other than them selves. Their main priority is to ensure the perfection of their own lives. That is not being a good citizen though. Making sure your needs are met before you look up and see what you can help with is corrupt and selfish. We need to care more about h...

    Read More
  • Rights and duties

    ... Rights and responsibilities What are rights and responsibilities? Our rights are what every human being deserves, no matter who they are or where they live, so that we can live in a world that is fair and just. A responsibility is something that you must do. It is something that affects our lives and other people's lives. What ...

    Read More
  • Duties of Good Citizen

    ...Essay on Duties of a Good Citizen A citizen is a member of the community or a state enjoying certain privileges and performing certain duties He looks after security and the well being of the community and the community looks after his safety and security. He works for the welfare of the community or the state of which he is a permanent member...

    Read More
  • Duties Andresponsibilities of a Citizen normally associated with the right to work and live in a country and to participate in political life. A person who does not have citizenship in any state is said to be stateless. Nationality is often used as a synonym for citizenship in English[1] – notably in international law – although the term is sometimes understood as denoting a p...

    Read More
  • Essay On Duties Of An American Citizen

    ...There are many important duties of an American citizen. Living in the US comes with its privileges but also comes with its responsibilities. One of the most important duties is paying taxes to the government. Every citizen with a paying job must pay taxes to the government. Another important duty of a us citizen in serving in the military if...

    Read More
  • Right to Spy on Citizens: Is It Justified?

    ...spy on its citizen.'' The government most definitely should not have the right to spy on its citizens. Even if it was to supposedly secure our country's freedom, it is doing nothing but taking away freedoms from its own people. It would be conflicting for our country to say that they are trying to secure our freedoms by spying on the citizens. ...

    Read More
  • Duties and Rights of Sovereign States:

    ...which express his views to the reader that in an international society of sovereign states, each state has certain undeniable rights and duties to which they are obligated. He states that in the law of nature men have mutual duties to assist one another. Since men are incapable of providing sufficient for themselves to improve their state of bei...

    Read More
  • Declaration of the Rights of Men and of Citizens

    ...THE DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MEN AND OF CITIZENS - AN ANALYSIS IN FIVE PARTS EQUALITY The Declaration of The Rights of Man and of Citizens begins with a clear stipulation of intrinsic freedom and equality in every man. Equality, therefore, seems to be an appropriate place to begin. The Declaration defines our equality in relation to our ri...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.