1.0 INTRODUCTION Paddy or rice grain consists of husk and brown rice. Brown rice, in turn, contains bran which comprises the outer layer and the edible portion. Rice milling is removal or separation of husk (dehusking) and bran to obtain the edible portion for consumption. The process has to be accomplished with care to prevent excessive breakage of the kernel and improve recovery of paddy or rice. The extent of recovery during milling depends on many factors like variety of paddy, degree of milling required, the quality of equipments used, the operators, etc. Rice mill is a common activity and can be started in many parts of the country and this note considers Manipur as the prospective location. 2.0 PRODUCTS 2.1 Applications What comes out during milling operation are husk, milled rice or edible portion, bran and the broken rice. Depending upon the type of rice mill, the by-products come out in mixed or separated form. Milling is usually done when paddy is dry (around 14% moisture content). Wet soft grains are powered and very dry brittle grains would break. 2.2 Availability of technical know-how and Compliances.
CFTRI, Mysore, has successfully developed the technical know-how. Compliance under the PFA Act is compulsory. 3.0 MARKET POTENTIAL Rice is considered to be staple food diet in most parts of India including the North-East states. Paddy is the most important agricultural commodity in Manipur and the total area under cultivation is estimated to be around 2.25 lac hectares with annual production of close
to 5 lac tons. Apart from every household, there are many bulk buyers like hospitals, caterers, restaurants, hostels, etc. With proper efforts, it is possible to enter into a long term contract with big traders or contractors. 4.0 MANUFACTURING PROCESS The process is very well standardised. First of all, paddy is cleaned to remove unwanted matters like mud, stones, chaff etc. This cleaned lot is then fed to de-husker where with the