1. Irony: A situation or statement characterized by significant difference between what is expected or understood and what actually happens or is meant. Slogans of the party: “War is Peace, Freedom is slavery, Ignorance is Strength” (7). These phrases show the use of verbal irony, the phrases do not have the same meanings as what you expect. For example, war is normally defined as fighting, not peace. This shows that Orwell always had a different feel and perspective on things.
2. Irony: A situation or statement characterized by significant difference between what is expected or understood and what actually happens or is meant. Ministries: “The Ministry of Truth , which concerned itself with news, entertainment, education, and the fine arts; the Ministry of Peace, which concerned itself with war; the Ministry of Love, which maintained law and order; and the Ministry of Plenty, which was responsible for economic affairs” (8). This is ironic, because the ministries all have different jobs then what are expected. For example, the Ministry of Truth uses newspeak and changes something’s in books and newspapers to make them more appropriate and more idealistic.
3. Theme: The central or dominant idea or concern of a work; the main idea or meaning. Dangers of totalitarianism: “And I believe that totalitarianism, if not fought against, could triumph again” (221). Totalitarianism is a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator. The utopian society in 1984 is totalitarianism, because there is a specific leader that has more power than others. It is impossible to have equal power when creating a society with order.
4. Theme: The central or dominant idea or concern of a work; the main idea or meaning. Spiritual Manipulation: “Big Brother is watching you” (5). Big brother is basically the center of everyone’s beliefs. People are restricted to many rules, and uncover thought police are always on the lookout, but you never know...
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