Reviewer in Biology and Ap Notes

Topics: Digestion, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Digestive system Pages: 2 (418 words) Published: June 24, 2013
2 MAJOR CLASSIFICATIONS OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
A. FOOD TUBE/ALIMENTARY CANAL/DIGESTIVE TRACT
-Mouth Cavity
-Pharynx
-Esophagus
-Stomach
-Small intestines
-Large Intestines
-Rectum
-Anus
B. ACCESSORY ORGANS/GLANDS
-Salivary glands
-Liver
-Pancreas
-Gall bladder
-Appendix
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM- responsible for the breaking down of food into simpler molecules. ABSORPTION- bringing food to the body cells
DIGESTION-) the process of breaking down complicated chemicals in nutrients into forms that the body can use. ETYMOLOGY: Comes from the LATIN word DIGESTUS meanng to assimilate food. OTHER NAMES FOR THE SYSTEM:

>gastrointestinal system
>alimentary system
DISEASE: Hemmoroid-also known as "almoranas" in Tagalog.
TERMS:
Salivary Amylase-enzyme secreted by the salivary gland
Gullet-technical term for esophagus
Stomach-temporary reservoir for partially digested food (the partially digested food is technically known as the bolus or chyme) Colon-technical term for the large intestine
SMOOTH MUSCLES:
Cardiac Sphincter and Pyloric Sphincter-they BOTH prevent the flowback of the food but each one of them performs a very important function. (Their functions can be seen in the Biology Textbook) 2 PHASES OF DIGESTION:

CHEMICAL PHASE AND MECHANICAL PHASE OF DIGESTION
under the MECHANICAL PHASE OF DIGESTION: we have Swallowing and chewing under the CHEMICAL PHASE OF DIGESTION: please refer to your Biology textbook *EGESTION(hndi ko lng sure kung ENGESTION or EGESTION s spelling)-opposite of ingestion, Egestion is the discharge or expulsion of undigested material (food) from a cell in case of unicellular organisms, and from the digestive tract via the anus in case of multicellular organisms. It should not be confused with excretion, which is getting rid of waste formed from the chemical reaction of the body, such as in urine, sweat, etc *Liver is the largest gland in the body

Mahatma Gandhi
Born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
in Porbandor, India in...
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