Review over the Paradox of Sitting Bull

Topics: Lakota people, Sioux, Sitting Bull Pages: 10 (4165 words) Published: March 9, 2011
In the late 1800’s the Americans viciously forced many Native Americans off their lands all because the federal government wanted the U.S. to expand and obtain Manifest Destiny. The main Native American and tribe that stood against the federal government was Sitting Bull, Chief of the Sioux and entire Lakota nation. He led a large amount of Sioux warriors in many battles against the American government that were fought over the rights and lands of the Lakota nation. He was against the American government and the forceful ways that they took over Indian lands, and therefore he used his strong, spiritual leadership abilities to battle against the American government as well as the U.S army. The author of the biography Sitting Bull and the Paradox of Lakota Nationhood, was written by Gary C. Anderson, because he feels that all Americans should acknowledge the will-power, leadership, determination, and courage of a man like Sitting Bull before him and his impact on Native American and American history is forgotten and lost like most history. As the Americans moved farther and farther westward, they had no reason to harshly force the Indians off their homelands, and Sitting Bull’s refusal against the American government and its armies has left an impact that has shaped the culture many Native American’s way of life. 1) (a) What seven bands constituted the Lakota nation? (b) Describe the socio-political structure of the Lakotas and its relationship to their buffalo-hunting economy. (a) The seven bands that constituted the Lakota nation were the Yankton, Yanktonai, Dakota, Sisseton, Wahpeton, Wahpekute, and the Mdewakanton tribes. Theses tribes lived over a vast area that made up the Lakota nation. The Yankton and Yankonai tribes were settled east of the Missouri river. These two tribes were branches, so to speak, of the larger Nakota Sioux tribe. The Dakota tribe was a branch of the Eastern Sioux the Sisseton, Wahpeton, Wahpekute, and Mdewakanton tribes resided in what is now known as Minnesota and Iowa, making up the final part of the Lakota nation. (b) The Lakotas formed a very unique economy that strongly influenced their socio-political structure. This related to their buffalo-hunting economy in that they would often trade for horses and supplies. The buffalo that they killed with these horses would often be used food, clothing, shelter, and religious purposes within the tribe. Some of the different things from the buffalo would also go towards trade for more horses and supplies so that they could continue to kill buffalo and provide for the tribes and nation. Buffalo also provided a market within tribe as well as being central focus point for everything that the Lakotas believed in. 2) (a) Describe the events leading up to the attack on Little Thunder’s camp. (b) What were some of the immediate effects of the Colonel William S. Harney’s 1855 campaign? (a) The Lakota Indians were very protective of their nation as well as the land that it contained, and because of this reason they were often left alone and rarely got messed with. A group of Mormon immigrants in 1855 that were moving a herd of cattle, were traveling along the Lakota’s land when they decided to establish a camp site. While they were camped one of the cattle from the herd wandered away into Lakota land and was then killed by Sioux for the use of Little Thunder and his camp. The Mormon camp commander then figured out what had happened to his cow and sent for Lieutenant John L. Grattan and twenty-eight soldiers for them to find out whoever killed the cow, and capture them. When Lieutenant Grattan and his men confronted the Sioux that were in Little John’s camp about which man had killed the cow the Sioux refused to confess the name of the man who had killed the cow. Since the Sioux refused to tell who killed the cow Grattan and his men attacked Little Thunder’s camp. The Sioux did fight back which led to the death of Lieutenant Grattan and most of...
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