# Review of Capital Budgeting

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Review of Capital Budgeting

1. The Kramer Tool Company has a photocopying machine that it purchased two years ago for \$70,000. The machine is being depreciated straight line over 5 years to a zero salvage value. A competing firm is offering a new photocopying machine that cost \$60,000 and can be depreciated over 5 years to a zero salvage value. Kramer has been assured that the new machine can be sold for \$10,000 after five years. The new machine requires less maintenance and operator attendance and would result in cost savings of \$20,000 annually. The firm selling the new machine has agreed to find a buyer who would pay \$30,000 for the old machine. The discount rate is 9% and the tax rate is 48%. Should Kramer replace the old machine with the new one? Support your answer with appropriate calculations.

2. Kamal Copies (KC) may buy a high volume machine that sells widgets. The machine costs \$100,000 and will be depreciated straight line over five years to a salvage value of \$25,000. KC anticipates that the machine can actually be sold in five years for \$36,000. The machine will generate sales of \$75,000 in year1 and sales will decline by \$5,000 a year until year 5. Expenses are 58% of sales. The working capital position in the balance sheet is \$10,000 in year 0, \$12,000 in year 1, \$16,000 in year 2 till the end of year 4. The working capital will be released at the end of the project. The marginal tax rate is 35% and the discount rate is 10%.

a. Please calculate the NPV of the project? b. Please calculate the IRR of the project? c. Should KC buy the machine?

3. Hasnain’s Fashions can invest \$6 million in a new plant for producing invisible makeup. The plant has an expected life of 5 years, and expected sales are 7 million jars of makeup a year. Fixed costs are \$2.5 million a year, and variable costs are \$1.1 per jar. The product will be priced at \$1.98 per jar. The plant will be depreciated straight-line over 5 years to a salvage value

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