top-rated free essay

Revenge in Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights

By ruhel111 Mar 26, 2013 749 Words

Wuthering Heights - Revenge

Emily Bronte, who never had the benefit of former schooling, wrote Wuthering Heights.  Bronte has been declared as a “romantic rebel” because she ignored the repressive conventions of her day and made passion part of the novelistic tradition. Unlike stereotypical novels, Wuthering Heights has no true heroes or villains. 

The narration of the story is very unique and divergent because there are multiple narrators.  Bronte’s character Lockwood is used to narrate the introductory and concluding sections of the novel whereas Nelly Dean narrates most of the storyline.  It’s interesting that Nelly Dean is used because of her biased opinions. 

There are many major themes of the book, but revenge is the most imminent theme, the factor that leads the protagonists to their dismal fate.  Bronte proves there is no peace in eternal vengeance, and in the end self-injury involved in serving revenge’s purposes will be more damaging than the original wrong.

            Heathcliff never finds peace through his revenge.  In fact, the only time he truly finds happiness is when he gives up his plan for retaliation.   Austin O’Malley states  “Revenge is like biting a dog that bit you”  (O’malley 1).  O’Malley’s quote reflects Heathcliff’s immature need to propagate agony in those who have offended him.  Heathcliff’s plan for revenge on Edgar and Catherine is to marry Isabella, who is ignorant of love and of men because she has never experienced either.  He wants to hurt Edgar because of his marriage to Catherine, and he wants to get revenge on Catherine by making her jealous. Catherine’s death proves that this flawed plan of repayment helps nothing.  Heathcliff, haunted by the ghost of Catherine because he is her “murderer,” still is motivated by the need for revenge and tries to get young Cathy away from Edgar by having her marry his son, Linton.  Heathcliff never finds peace until he gives up his plan for revenge just before he dies.  When Heathcliff gives up his plan for revenge, he meets Catherine in death and truly becomes happy once more.

            Catherine’s revenge does not make things better for her.  Her  revenge on Heathcliff by blaming him for her upcoming death does not meliorate her mind.  Just before she dies, she ascribes Heathcliff for her “murder.”   “You have killed me, and thriven on it, I think” (Bronte 158).  Catherine resembles what Oliver Goldsmith said,  “When lovely woman stoops to folly, and finds too late that men betray, what charm can soothe her melancholy?  What art can wash her guilt away?  The only art her guilt to cover, To hide her shame from every eye, To give repentance to her lover, And wring his bosom, is–to die” (Oliver Goldsmith 1).  Catherine’s death is caused by her lack of emotional control and her dual personalities.  She and Heathcliff “are” each other (Bronte 80), but her wants of social status and popularity draw her toward Edgar (Bronte 78).  She does not love Edgar, but her selfish material wants control her.  Catherine’s revenge on Heathcliff does not assist her in finding happiness.  She looks forward to dying and is  “wearying to escape into that glorious world” (Bronte 160).  Her death is, however, miserable as she wanders around the earth as a waif for 20 years occasionally visiting Heathcliff and torturing him. 

            Just as Heathcliff and Catherine’s revenge make them miserable, Hindley’s revenge on Heathcliff causes him to go bankrupt and eventually die.  Hindley’s attempt to kill Heathcliff only hurts himself in the process;  it proves the point Isabella makes, “Treachery and violence are spears pointed at both ends; they wound those who resort to them worse than their enemies” (Bronte 177).  The fact that Hindley is mistreated as a child reflects the built up anger and resentment inside him and towards others.  The hurt that Hindley feels is clearly understood, but sympathy for Hindley is only temporary because it is still his own fault for his predicaments.  Hindley’s loss of Wuthering Heights to Heathcliff and his mysterious death reflect how revenge does not make anything better, only worse.

            Bronte corroborates that revenge is not only a harsh and rash way to live life, but is counter-productive and hurtful.  Out of all of her major themes, revenge is the most imminent.  The self-hurt involved with vengeance shows there are better ways to solve conflicts.  Bronte sends a great message across by showing how negative revenge can be.  There is no solution to obeying the spontaneous reaction of this negative reprisal.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Love and Revenge in Bronte's "Wuthering Heights"

    ...of the house's family, the Linton's, and of the Earns haws of Wuthering Heights. Her narrative weaves the four parts of the novel, all dealing with the fate of the two families, into the core story of Catherine and Heathcliff. The two lovers manipulate various members of both families simply to inspire and torment each other in life and death. ...

    Read More
  • Nature vs. Nurture in Emily Bronte's "Wuthering Heights".

    ...Heathcliff, the sadistic protagonist of Emily Bronte's "Wuthering Heights" is so upset that Edgar Linton does not want his lovely daughter, Cathy, to hear it. Heathcliff and Cathy, two prominent characters in the novel, interact in the second half of the novel. Heathcliff's passages reveal that the tortured character comes about from a childhood...

    Read More
  • Significant Relationships in Emily Bronte's, Wuthering Heights

    ...1000 Word essay- Wuthering Heights Emily Bronte explores a complex web of relationships in “Wuthering Heights” write about one relationship which you consider an important one, and explore it’s significance in the novel as a whole In the novel of Wuthering Heights Emily Bronte creates a number of different relationships significan...

    Read More
  • Emily Bronte's Writing Technique in Wuthering Heights

    ...A very complex element of Emily Bronte's writing technique is the narrative style she uses when alternating between the two characters of Nelly Dean and Lockwood. Wuthering Heights is a story told through eye witness accounts, first through Lockwood, followed by Nelly. Lockwood's responsibility is shaping the framework of the novel wheras Nelly...

    Read More
  • A comment on a passage from Emily Brontë’s “Wuthering Heights”

    ...Literature II. – Seminar – PhDr. Zdeněk Beran, Ph.D. Date of submission – 10.5.2013 A comment on a passage from Emily Brontë’s “Wuthering Heights”: I obeyed, so far as to quit the chamber; when, ignorant where the narrow lobbies led, I stood still, and was witness, involuntarily, to a piece of superstition on the part of my land...

    Read More
  • Wuthering Heights in Relation to Emily Bronte's Life

    ...Wuthering Heights Relation to Emily Bronte’s life Characterization: 1. Hindley- Bronte used the character of Hindley to represent her brother. Emily Bronte’s brother drank himself to death just as Hindley did.         2. Edgar- When Catherine died, Edgar became exceedingly private and quiet. Edgar represents Emily Bronte’s o...

    Read More
  • Complex Relationships in Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights

    ...Wuthering Heights Essay Rewrite: Within the novel Wuthering Heights, written by Emily Bronte, readers are confronted with many complex relationships. At times it is hard to understand these due to the range of relationships that occur, from interactions of hatred to relationships that show true passion. One such complex relationship is between...

    Read More
  • Feminist' Ideas in Emily Bronte's "Wuthering Heights"

    ...to come out of submission enforced on them and make a life on their own without the burden of men dominion. ‘Many women assumed the opportunity of using the life they saw around them to construct novels which would capture a picture of contemporary life as well as attract readers to identify themselves to the characters presented.’ (Online 1...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.