Retail Buying and Merchandising

Topics: Constitution, United States Constitution, Law Pages: 83 (29945 words) Published: August 26, 2013
INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS
B.A POLITICAL SCIENCE IV SEMESTER CORE COURSE

(2011 Admission)

UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
CALICUT UNIVERSITY P.O., MALAPPURAM, KERALA, INDIA - 673 635

250

SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
STUDY MATERIAL B.A. POLITICAL SCIENCE (2011 Admission onwards) IV SEMESTER CORE COURSE

INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS

Prepared by:

Sri. C.M. James, Assistant Professor Department of Political Science St. Mary’s College Sulthan Bathery Dr. G. Sadanandan (Co-ordinator) Associate Professor and Head, PG Department of Political Science, Sree Kerala Varma College, Thrissur. Computer Cell, SDE

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Introduction to Comparative Politics

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SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION

CONTENT
MODULE I NATURE AND SCOPE OF COMPARATIVE POLITICS DISTINCTION BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN COMPARATIVE POLITICS. CONSTITUTION AND CONSTITUTIONALISM A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE FEATURES OF THE CONSTITUTIONS OF U.K.,U.S.A, FRANCE, SWITZERLAND AND CHINA EXECUTIVE, LEGISLATURE AND JUDICIARY OF U.K, U.S.A AND FRANCE COMPARE FEDERAL AND UNITARY SYSTEMSU.S.A., INDIA AND SWITZERLAND (FEDERAL SYSTEMS) - U.K., FRANCE AND CHINA (UNITARY SYSTEMS) 5 - 11

MODULE II MODULE III

12 - 18 19 - 32

MODULE IV MODULE V

33 - 54 55 - 69

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Introduction to Comparative Politics

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SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION

Introduction to Comparative Politics

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SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION

MODULE I
NATURE AND SCOPE OF COMPARATIVE POLITICS – DISTINCTION BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN COMPARATIVE POLITICS. INTRODUCTION:
Comparative politics has a long and very distinguished history dating back to the very origin of systematic political studies in ancient Greece and Rome. Even the most ancient people, compared their situations with those of other people’s with whom they came in contact. The Bible is perhaps one of the first written statements of comparative politics. The ancient Greeks carried out the earliest systematic comparisons of a more modern and secular. Plato and Aristotle, the two foremost ancient Greek political scientists, wrote two books ‘Republic’ (Plato) and ‘Politics’(Aristotle) and these are considered as the great books of all the time. In fact, Aristotle, the father of political science, used comparative method for comprehending and analysing principles, issues and problems of his times. He used comparative politics knowledge for building up his theory. Aristotle collected approximately 150 constitutions and used the knowledge for answering many questions of political dimensions. His admirers followed his path, and the tradition still continues. Several political thinkers like Cicero, Polybius, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, J.S mill and others used comparative method in a highly productive way. In the 19th century comparative politics studies were popularly designated as ‘comparative government’ studies. Comparative government studies were used by political scientists for arriving at correct and valid conclusions regarding the nature and organisation of state and government. Their basic objective was to find out the historical and legal similarities and dissimilarities among the various governments and their political institutions. A comparative- normative-prescriptive study of constitutions was conducted. It was an attempt to identify the best political institutions. The dissatisfaction with the traditional approach and scope of comparative government, due to lack of comprehensives in scope, unrealistic nature and unscientific methodology, led to the development of a new science of comparative politics. In the 20th century, the study underwent revolutionary changes. The traditional focus (comparative government )got replaced. A large number of political scientists like Munro, C.F. Strong, Herman Finer, Almond, Powel, Coleman, and others worked...
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