Responsibility of an Urban and Regional Planner

Topics: Urban planning, Urban studies and planning, Regional planning Pages: 10 (2264 words) Published: November 15, 2012
An assignment On



Prepared By

Adekunle Emmanuel .O.
REG. NO: EDMP11/12/H/2778

Submitted To

Dr. S. A. Adeyinka

DEPARTMENT OF URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING Faculty of Environmental Design and Management Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
May, 2012

INTRODUCTION Planning is a decision making process that aims to controls development, design the environment, and site communication network and other facilities to ensure a livable workable and conducive community. The sole purpose of planning as a profession is to improve the communities we live in. The concerns of planners are not only for the present condition of the community but also for the future.

Professional planners facilitate decision making by creating the process by which residents, managers, public officials and city council members, and advocates work together to create a vision for the community, the goals the community wishes to achieve for itself, and the actions it will take to reach the goals (APA, 2008). The role of planners is to coordinate information and create a logical decision making process.

Planners identify and attempt to solve community environmental problems. They do this in collaboration with different agencies and diverse interest groups. Some other activities of a professional planner are urban design, research and analysis, public consultation, policy recommendations, implementation and management (Wikipedia, 2009)


This section of the paper espouses on professionalism of a planner, what planning is and highlights the responsibilities of planning to different segments of the society. Specifically, this section of the paper discusses a case study of the responsibility of a professional planner in Lagos State planning agencies.

WHAT IS PLANNING? VTPI (2011) refer to planning as a process of deciding what to do and how to do it. Planning occurs at many levels, from day-to-day decisions made by individuals and families, to complex decisions made by businesses, organizations and governments. Planning as a process enables leaders, businesses and other stakeholders to participate in their community development. Planning, also called urban planning or city and regional planning, is a dynamic profession that works to improve the welfare of people and their communities by creating more convenient, equitable, healthful, efficient, and attractive places for present and future generations (APA, 2012).

Planning is the process of making decisions to guide future action. The planning profession is specifically concerned with shaping cities, towns and regions by managing development, infrastructure and services. Planning has been defined by Google Dictionary as: 3

1. 2.

The process of making plans for something The control of urban development by a local government authority, from

which a license must be obtained to build a new property or change an existing one - the local planning authority Abhas, et. al (2010) also defined Physical planning as a design exercise that uses the land use plan as a framework to propose the optimal physical infrastructure for a settlement or area, including infrastructure for public services, transport, economic activities, recreation, and environmental protection. Physical planning is a process that involves problem identification and goal setting, information gathering and analysis, design of alternatives, and synthesis requiring public choices (Emil E. M., 2005). Urban Planning is a profession dedicated to improving communities and the environment as well as enhancing the quality of life for all members of society. Planners assist in understanding and solving society's problems by addressing diverse public issues that affect where people live, work and play; where they shop and go to school; how they get from place to place; what our...

References: Abhas, et. al (2010): Land Use and Physical Planning. Safer Homes, Stronger Communities: A Handbook for Reconstructing after Natural Disasters, published by the World Bank in January 2010. American Planners Association (2012): What is planning? Emil E. Maliziz (2005): City and Regional Planning: A Primer for Public Health Officials. Keeble, L. (1969). Principle and Practice of Town and Country Planning. Estate Gazette, London Ministry of Physical Planning & Urban Development. b=ministry&mnu=module Odufuwa, B.O. (2008): The Professional Urban and Regional Planner. Oni, C. S. (2007). The Professional Vocational Educator. Educational Research and Review, Vol. 2 Pp. 271-274.
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