The term Residential schools refer to a variety of institutions that include industrial schools, boarding schools and student residents. European settlers in Canada brought with them the assumption that their own civilization was the greatest of human achievement and all should live like them. They believed that the Aboriginal people, Canada’s first inhabitants, were ignorant, savage and in need of guidance. Beginning in the 1800s, the Canadian federal government partnered with Roman Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, United, and Presbyterian churches to create and operate the residential school system.1 The schools were set up across the country in an effort to assimilate First Nations people into mainstream society. The assimilation policy started because the Canadian government, stated by the Indian Act, was responsible for providing educational services to Aboriginal children. The schools were funded by the government and operated by the churches. By 1931, the churches were operating 80 residential schools across the country, as well as day schools on some reserves.2 It was believed that the best way to achieve assimilation success was for the children (aged 4 to 18) to learn English and adopt Christianity and Canadian customs as they were easier to mould than the adults. There were a total of about 130 schools in every territory and province except Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick from the earliest in the 19th century to the last, which closed in 1996.3 The idea was that the children would grow up and pass their adopted lifestyle on to their children and native traditions would fizzle away. “Two primary objectives of the Residential Schools system were to remove and isolate children from the influence of their homes, families, traditions and cultures, and to assimilate them into the dominant culture… Indeed, some sought, as it was infamously said, “to kill the Indian in the child.”4
Along with enforced separation of young
Comparison of Different Residential Schools
There have been many residential schools across the world striving to end indigenous culture. Residential schools in Canada, America’s Indian boarding schools, and what is known as the Stolen Generations from Australia, each have similar objectives; however, their actions to accomplish their goals vary. Severe punishments are endured by a majority of the children at these schools for unmerited reasons….
an adult. By assimilating the aboriginal children into the lower fringes of mainstream society, they hoped to diminish or abolish native traditions within a few generations. Schools run by churches upon government funding were created in order to separate these children from their homes. They were later named residential schools and were established with the assumption that aboriginal culture was unable to adapt to a modernizing society. In 1920, attendance became compulsory for all kids ages 7-15….
This research explores how the residential schools established in the 19th century affected the Native population and the Canadian government. This has been done by examining primary sources such as digital archives, books, statistics and reports. Upon examination of these events, it becomes clear that residential schools had a long term negative impact on the Aboriginal communities and created a negative image to the Canadian government. Despite the government’s goals of assimilating….
done in order to fit them into their ideal perception of what it was to be Canadian. With the help of the church the Canadian government implemented the residential school system, which was devoted to providing a disciplined based ideal that promoted rejection of the aboriginal culture in favor of the dominant white population. The residential system would eventually become an official Canadian policy for the education of Indian. Even though there are those that state that the government was just….
In 1931 there were about 80 residential schools operating in Canada (News, CBC). Over the years that residential schools were in session, there were many traumatic events that caused mental, emotional, and physical damage to not only the individuals who attended, but also their families. While residential schools are in the past, there are still many long term effects including crime, parental abuse and substance abuse that harm the Aboriginal population to this day.
Firstly, the atrocity of substance….
How they were meant to rob native children of their heritage
Residential schools robbed native children of their heritage to prepare them for life in “white society”. This led to stolen childhoods and forgotten heritage.
Aboriginal children were sent to schools that were called “Indian Residential Schools”. Residential schools were run by the Government of Canada and the churches (Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, United and Presbyterian). Residential schools were open from 1831….
Residential Schools: A Promise to the Aboriginal People
Shakainah D. Aycardo
Residential Schools in Canada have left a negative and destructive legacy in the lives of Aboriginal People. Aboriginal people hold the results of their ancestors long standing and their occupancy of the land. Hunting, trapping, and fishing on Ancestral lands, some examples that Aboriginal people rights. Residential Schools were established by the Canadian….
civilized (i.e. European) lifestyle. Residential schools were established for two reasons: separation of the children from the family and the belief that aboriginal culture was not worth preserving. Most people concluded that aboriginal culture was useless and dying and all human beings would eventually develop and change to be like the 'advanced' European civilization.
Early residential schools were similar to religious missions. Later, the mission-run schools were administered jointly by Canadian….
to the Residential school system. Residential schools were an extensive school system supported by the Canadian government, and administered by churches (Hanson). The Canadian government began to establish residential schools across Canada in the 1880’s. There were approximately 130 residential schools for aboriginal children of different communities across Canada (CBC) This essay will examine the residential school system in depth, the Canadian government’s actions upon residential schools, good….
GENE 48 – 101
Michelle A. LaMarche
November 4, 2014
In the 19th Century, what was the punishment of the crime for being born Native?
“It is clear that the schools have been, arguably, the most damaging of the many elements of Canada’s colonization of this land’s original peoples and, as their consequences still affect the lives of Aboriginal people today, they remain so.”—John S. Milloy, A National Crime
The First Nation people have….