Responding to emergency service incidents
P5: describe the necessity for scene preservation units at emergency incidents as part of an incident investigation.
When the emergency services attend to a scene of a major incident it is important that the scene is preserved because evidence may be lost if the scene if tampered. The emergency services have to respond as quickly as possible to a major incident call because if they don't then evidence can be lost. When an incident occurs there may be special units that will be required to assist in the gathering of evidence to prove or disprove a crime. These specialist units could be:
Crime Scene Investigation (SOCO)
Road Collision Investigators
Environmental Protection Agency
Underwater Search Team
M2: explain how scene preservation contributes to an accident/incident investigation
As the emergency services attend to a scene, it is crucial to make sure no evidence of the incident will be lost and they can gather all evidence to investigate what happened in order to prosecute in a court of law. For an example; Road Collision Investigators - These would be called to investigate what happened and what caused the accident. They would do this by measuring skid marks, look for point of impact and investigate any other factors that could have caused the incident. This would not have been possible if the emergency services did not preserve the scene in time, one may agree as the scene would have been tampered with causing different DNA (thingerprints) on evidence that would have been able to use in investigations into what happened.
P6: assess the health and safety measures to be taken to ensure personal safety and that of others when attending an emergency incident scenario, with reference to relevant health and safety legislation.
When the emergency services attend to a major incident, there are