Research Writing Manual: Writing a Successful Sophomore
Research Paper on the 1930s
John Q. Student
POLYTECH High School of Kent County, Woodside, Delaware
Reference Page Guidelines
Once you have found your sources, you must create a working reference page. Use the formatting instructions to set up the page before you type your source information.
• Center the word References at the top of the page.
• Set double spacing—go to Home, Paragraph (click on arrow), Line Spacing, Double. • Set hanging indents—go to Home, Paragraph (click on arrow), Special, Hanging. • Set the margins to one inch—go to Page Layout, Margins, Normal. • Times New Roman, font size 12 is the recommended font and font size by APA. Go to Home and click the dropdown menu for font and font size. • Do not number or bullet the sources.
• Identify the type of source you are using in order to use the correct formatting style on pp. 4-6. Follow these source formats as closely as possible; however, varying circumstances may occur as shown below.
• Sources should begin with the author’s last name, and then a comma followed by the first initial (and middle initial if provided). Example:
Wyrick, J. M. (2000). Steps to writing well. Philadelphia: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
• If a source has no author, move the title forward in front of the date. Be sure to check the home page of a website for an author if necessary. Examples:
Don't blame the U.N. (1995, October 25). The Wall Street Journal, p. A22.
Recent FDA approvals. (2009). Retrieved http://www.innovation.org/
• An organization or association name may be used in place of a person’s name as author. Example:
Insurance Information Institute. (2009). Auto theft. Retrieved from http://www.iii.org/ media/hottopics/insurance/test4/ • An editor’s name may be used in place of an author by placing (Ed.), or (Eds.) for multiple editors, after the name(s).
DuBose, F. (Ed.). (1996). 1001 hints & tips for your garden. New York: The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc. • Multiple authors should be listed with the last name and first initial(s). Two authors should be combined with an ampersand (&). Example:
Kirkpatrick, J. F. & Fazio, P. M. (2008, May). Ecce Equus. Natural History. Retrieved from Student Edition database.
• Three or more authors should be separated with commas with the last author added with an ampersand. Example:
Bender, M., McKenzie, S., & Beckman, M. J. (2008, Spring). Horses for heroes. Palaestra. Retrieved from Student Edition database. • If multiple sources have the same author and publication year, the sources must be distinguished by using lower case a, b, c, etc. immediately following the year. Example:
Jones, J. (2000a, May 1). How to build a water garden. Retrieved from http://www.watergardens.org Jones, J. (2000b, September 25). Tropical plants. Retrieved from http://www.tropical.org • The year, month and day of publication, copyright, or the date a website was last updated should be included in parenthesis after the author. Put as much information in the parenthesis as possible, even if it is just the year. • If a source has no date, use (n.d.) in its place. Be sure to check the home page of a website to find the date if necessary. • Titles follow specific capitalization rules. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word in the titles of books, brochures, non-print media, encyclopedias, websites, and all print/electronic article titles. • Capitalize the first letter of every important word in the titles of print/electronic magazines, journals, and newspapers. • Always capitalize proper nouns and adjectives and the first word of subtitles after a colon. • Italicize the titles of books, magazines, journals, newspapers, websites, and non-print media. • Put a period after the completion of each block of...
Citations: ……“The detention and arrest rates for the 58 children who had attended the preschool program was 31%, compared to 51% for the 65 who did not” (Hurley, 2005, p. 66).
In Psychology Today, Hurley (2005) commented:
A study released this fall tells what happened to 123 disadvantaged children from preschool age to present
….People with preschool experience were arrested less, had better employment records, chose higher education, and avoided teenage pregnancy (Hurley, 2005).
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