Research Study Proposal – Part IV: Target Population Selection HCS/542
Research Study Proposal
Target population is a critical element in any research study or proposal. Health care for the Homeless is key to the rapidly increasing problem that has plagued this country for decades. The inability of health care agencies to effectively reach and treat this population due to inaccessibility and sporadic visits by the individuals themselves has created a wide array of health problems resulting in complications to continuity of care and treatment plans as well as exacerbating any current medical conditions this particular population may have.
This paper will discuss how the target population will be selected, sample size, data collection methods as well as the rationale for the identified target population. This paper will also cover the method used for determining appropriate sample size, the rationale for the collection methodology, descriptive and/or comparative statistics as well as statistical tests that can be used to analyze the data. Target Population
In order to identify a target population, several questions must be addressed that cover the basics such as: who will be the recipient of the services and why, identification of the greatest unmet needs, current resources in place that already address such needs, and actual services that are being proposed. Identification of the greatest of unmet needs within any specific community, county or state should be the basis when determining a target population as this helps to reduce redundant efforts that are already in place.
Community needs assessments are an excellent resource and many times the work has already been completed by another party with results readily available as “by law, local health departments are required to conduct a community health assessment every four years. This assessment may include information about county demographic, socioeconomic, educational, and environmental factors that affect health” (nciom.org, pg. 17). Additional health data and vital statistics may also be available by county through local state offices. Rationale & Sample
Uninsured individuals, individuals without residence, individuals with lower incomes and those with limited English proficiency are more likely to experience barriers to health care access. Conducting a needs assessment therefore will aid in the process of determining a target population. For purposes of this study however, the primary focus will be homeless individuals or those individuals with no documented residence. In order to accurately conduct a needs assessment, information about the county’s population should first be obtained. “This should include the number of people that reside in the county, the number of uninsured individuals, the number of people in poverty, and the number of people who qualify for publicly-subsidized health insurance (Medicaid, Medicare, or Medi-Cal)” (nciom.org, pg. 20).
The demographic analysis can help determine the sampling size of the target population, all possible needs of the target population as well as identify any characteristics that may be useful within the study. Additional factors can include projected trends which would include future population trends to help identify needs of the target population that may arise in the future, as well as any socioeconomic factors that would increase the likelihood of individuals living in poverty or without residence, and finally, insurance coverage. “Uninsured individuals typically experience more barriers to obtaining needed health services. One option to address the needs of the uninsured is to identify people who may be eligible for, but are not enrolled in, publicly-funded health insurance programs” (nciom.org, pg. 21). This will provide for outreach opportunities to those individuals who may be eligible for coverage however for...
References: Nciom.org. 2015. Health Care Services for the Uninsured and Other Underserved Population. Retrieved from http://www.nciom.org/wp-content/uploads/NCIOM/pubs/safetynet_tam.pdf
Nih.gov. 2015. Statistics Without Tears: Populations and Samples. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3105563/
Vchca.org. 2015. Community Health Status Report. Retrieved from http://www.vchca.org/docs/publichealth/ventura_county_health_status_2011.pdf?sfvrsn=0
Please join StudyMode to read the full document