Research Question Relationship to Research Design
Lyn Shela Heck
The research question or hypotheses narrows the purpose statement. It predicts what will be learned and the questions studied. A research question must indicate a target population. It must identify the dependent variable and the independent variable(s) as well as answer what is the desired knowledge or conclusion. Accurate results come from a good research question. Variables must be clearly defined. Based on the data extrapolated from the study, the question should be answerable. Finally, there must be a need to answer the question. A good research question foreshadows the research design. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between the research question or hypothesis and the research design.
Example of a Research Question for Quantitative Research
RQ: How does intentional propagation of political ideas and beliefs placed in news outlets (Internet, newspapers, magazines, television, and radio) effect political bias among community college students?
IV: Intentional propagation of political ideas and beliefs placed in news outlets (Internet, newspapers, magazines, television, and radio). The independent variable can be further divided between present or absent, control group and experimental group (Marczyk, DeMatteo, & Festinger, 2005).
DV: The political bias among community college students. The dependent variable is dependent on the independent variable because the independent variable effects or measures the dependent variable (Marczyk et al, 2005).
A Directional Hypothesis
Intentional propagation of political ideas and beliefs placed in news outlets (Internet, newspapers, magazines, television, and radio) effects emotional political bias among community college students.
Proposed Research Design
Quantitative research wants to know what the cause and effect is for a given study (Muijs, 2010, p. 11). For example, the proposed research...
References: Cottrell, R., McKenzie, J. (2010). Health Promotion & Education Research Methods: Using the Five-Chapter Thesis/Dissertation Model. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Marczyk, G., DeMatteo, D., & Festinger, D. (2005). Essentials of research design and methodology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Muijs, D. (2010). Doing quantitative research in education with SPSS. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Vogt, P.W., (2007). Quantitative research methods for professionals. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
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