October 12, 2011
Research Proposal Section I: Problem Statement It is an unknown fact that texting while driving has a greater impact on the rise of car accidents from introduction in 1992. Section II; Research Purpose The purpose of this research is to discover if texting while driving is the leading cause of automobile accidents of today. Society does not view texting while driving as a safe practice. There are ["There are" is an awkward phrase if "there" is not clearly a location] many articles, news reports, and laws passed on texting while operating a vehicle because of the danger associated with the act. Texting while driving causes numerous of problems such as: distraction from the road, a decrease of attention once he or she turns away from the road in responding to a text, and limiting physical ability because texting requires the use of one or both hands to reply to messages. These are some of the issues researchers investigate in finding a conclusion to if the individuals should or should not text while operating a vehicle. Solving the problem of texting while driving is important to Team A because it will reduce the number of accidents connected to texting while driving. According to Statistics and Facts about Distracted Driving, “the percentage of drivers visibly manipulating hand-held devices while driving was higher among females (0.7%) than among males (0.5%)” [A citation goes outside the cited information but inside the sentence--the period goes after the citation, the quotation mark before the citation] (Use of Electronic Devices While Driving). Section III Problem Background Cellular phones serve as useful convenient methods of communication however; does the text messaging feature of a cell phone decrease a driver’s awareness resulting in poor decision-making abilities? According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration,
References: Attention Demands May Explain Why Texting While Driving Is So Dangerous, 2009. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) [Press Release] Box, S. New Data from VTTI Provides Insight into Cell Phone Use and Driving Distraction. Blacksburg, Virginia: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, July 27, 2009. Gardner, L. A. (2010). Wat 2 Do Abt Txt 'n & Drv 'n (aka: What to do About the Problem of Texting While Driving?). (cover story). CPCU eJournal, 63(11), 1. Halloran, Liz. “Government Eyes Crackdown on Texting and Driving.” NPR. September 30, 2009. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=113325341 (accessed May 17, 2010). Kolosh, K. Summary of Estimate Model. (2009). National Safety Council. Retrieved from http://www.nsc.org/news_resources/Resources/Documents/NSC Estimate Summary.pdf Mary M., Lee R. Director of Research Specialist Pew Internet and American life project. (6/18/2009) Adults text while driving too. Ricthtel, M. In Study, Texting Lifts Crash Risk by Large Margin. New York times, Pg A1. Published July 27, 2009 Text Messaging During Simulated Driving Frank A. Drews, Hina Yazdani, Celeste N. Godfrey, Joel M. Cooper, and David L. Strayer, University of Utah, Salt Lake City Van Tassel, W. R. (2008). Text Messaging While Driving: "R U UP 2 Speed?" (Are You Up to Speed?). Chronicle for Driver Education Professionals, 56(1), 5.