Research Proposal : Anorexia Nervosa

Topics: Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders, Mental disorder Pages: 25 (6648 words) Published: June 18, 2013


|No. | |PAGE | | |CONTENT | | |1 |INTRODUCTION |3 | |2 |LITERATURE REVIEW |16 | |3 |METHODOLOGY |21 | |4 |FINDINGS |23 | |5 |CONCLUSION |30 | |6 |REFERENCES |31 |


Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric disorder characterized by abnormal eating behavior, severe self-induced weight loss, and psychiatric comorbidities. People with anorexia have an extreme fear of gaining weight, which causes them to try to maintain a weight far less than normal. They will do almost anything to avoid gaining weight, including starving themselves or exercising too much. People with anorexia have a distorted body image--they think they are fat (even when they are extremely thin) and won't maintain a proper weight.[1]

Anorexia is an emotional disorder that focuses on food, but it is actually an attempt to deal with perfectionism and a desire to gain control by strictly regulating food and weight. People with anorexia often feel that their self-esteem is tied to how thin they are.

Anorexia is increasingly common, especially among young women in industrialized countries where cultural expectations encourage women to be thin. Fueled by popular fixations with thin and lean bodies, anorexia is also affecting a growing number of men, particularly athletes and those in the military.[2]

Anorexia most commonly affects teens, as many as 3 in 100. Although anorexia seldom appears before puberty, when it does, associated mental conditions, such as depression and obsessive-compulsive behavior are usually more severe. Anorexia is often preceded by a traumatic event and is usually accompanied by other emotional problems. Anorexia is a life threatening condition that can result in death from starvation, heart failure, electrolyte imbalance, or suicide. For some people, anorexia is a chronic disease, one that lasts a lifetime. But treatment can help people with anorexia develop a healthier lifestyle and avoid anorexia's complications.[3]

People struggling with an eating disorder need to seek professional help. The earlier a person with an eating disorder seeks treatment, the greater the likelihood of physical and emotional recovery.

In the United States, nearly 10 million females and 1 million males are fighting a life and death battle with an eating disorder such as anorexia or bulimia. Millions more are struggling with binge eating disorder.[4]

For various reasons, many cases are likely not to be reported. In addition, many individuals struggle with body dissatisfaction and sub-clinical disordered eating attitudes and behaviors. More than 80% of women are reported to be dissatisfied with their appearance. (Smolak, 1996).[5]

Women who suffer from anorexia have an extreme fear of being overweight and cannot see that they are actually severely underweight. They will cut back on calories and fat, and may engage in intensive...

References: -----------------------
[1] Anorexia nervosa,, 2010
[2] Anorexia Nervosa: a Mental-Physical Disorder, 2011
[5] "Anorexics Sentenced To Death"; Glamour Magazine, (Aug, 1999.)
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