Research Paper Soc 213 Same Sex Parenting

Topics: Family, Homosexuality, Sociology Pages: 11 (2467 words) Published: December 5, 2014


Are Children Raised by Same-Sex Couples As Healthy as Children Raised by Heterosexual Parents?

Sylvia Bermudez
California Baptist University

August 19, 2014

“Although two parents are often more effective than one, the parent’s gender makes little difference in terms of the child’s development”, (Conger, p.3). Children usually benefit from being raised by two parents instead of one. However, studies have shown that the gender of each parent does not have a significant impact on the success of a child. Whether, it is mom and dad, or two moms, or two dads raising a child, they all have positive and negative effects on the child. The typical family has developed into so many different forms in recent years. A large part of society believes that a child raised by a single parent is similar to a child being raised by same-sex parents. However, studies have shown children raised by lesbian or gay parents grow up just as well as children with a mother and father. Same-sex couples fight against public prejudices to have the right to adopt or conceive children, since they cannot reproduce or able to conceive a child on their own. While, some in society have accepted the idea of gay parenting, there are others who still believe it be wrong and have prohibited it. Challengers of same-sex parenting believe that since marriage should remain traditional, parenting should remain between a man and a woman. Supporters however, believe that DNA does not make a parent. The main question at hand is whether same-sex parenting can be just as effective as orthodox parenting throughout families. To date there has been no evidence to suggest that children raised by lesbian or gay parents have more problems, are less intelligent, disadvantaged or have lower self-esteem compared to children raised by heterosexual parents. With ongoing legality of same-sex marriages, it is important to not only consider the well-being of children in these family types but to also consider how the central role of biological fathers and mothers play in a child’s development towards a healthy adulthood. Studies conducted have shown children raised by same-sex parents, are not impacted negatively by their parents’ sexual behavior or orientation. Those who support gay parenting as being as effective as heterosexual parenting, and argue the benefits of same-sex parenting, believe that a child with two moms or two dads can be productive, successful and more tolerant to our society’s diversity. Those who oppose same-sex parenting, believe it goes against the traditional family values and are partly influenced by religious beliefs. According to the Laws of Nature and Nature’s God, marriage exists for three purposes: companionship, sexual intimacy, and procreation (Fischer). Therefore, marriage is viewed as a religious ritual and is established for the purpose of procreating and being that same-sex couples cannot conceive children, they should neither be able to marry nor become parents. Professionals trust fathers contribute necessary ingredients to parenting that mothers cannot provide, and mothers contribute something to the nurture of children that fathers cannot provide (Fischer).

The concept of family has changed greatly over the past decade and there no longer appears to be significance on the term “traditional” family. A number of children are being raised in households by lesbian or gay parents. It has been estimated that the number of children being raised in same-sex households is between two to six million.

Society in America and across the world has become more increasingly accepting of same-sex relationships. This approval, has allowed same-sex couples the opportunity to experience parenthood together. Although, many people continue to have biased opinions on the matter and disapprove of same-sex couples, there has been no evidence which proves that same-sex couples are less qualified parents than heterosexual parents....

Cited: ACLU. "Overview of Lesbian and Gay Parenting, Adoption and Foster Care." American Civil Liberties Union. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Aug. 2014.
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