Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Successes and Failures
“The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little.” This quote is a great quote to describe Franklin D. Roosevelt’s motivation during his presidency. FDR was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, NY. HE attends Harvard College in 1900. In 1905 marries Eleanor Roosevelt and starts attending Columbia Law School. Along the way FDR and his wife had six kids. FDR starts with politics in 1910 when he was elected as New York State Senate. FDR was then appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President Woodrow Wilson. In 1928, FDR is elected governor in New York. Then in 1929 something unexpected happened and the Stock market crashes. Three years later, Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected as our 32nd president of the United States in 1932. FDR was president during many events during his reign because he was the only president to be elected four times. We will be looking at the years of 1932 through late 1940s. Some events FDR was in reign during are the Great Depression, World War Two, and Recession. These events had a huge impact on the economy and American people. Every President has their successes and failures; however there are many things we could learn from FDR. , Franklin D. Roosevelt once stated in one of his speeches “True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorship is made.” We did not have true individual freedom during the Great Depression. The Great Depression shocked the Americans. The cause of the Great Depression was the stock market crash. Factories closed and millions of people lost their jobs. People became homeless and starving. A lot of people died from starvation and diseases. The economy and its people were left devastated and barely hanging on. FDR gave them hope and desire to have a better life and to restore what they used to have. He also gave them their independence back by giving them new laws and acts to protect individuals from a crisis like this allowing them to have economic security. Franklin D. Roosevelt got straight to business when he first made President and took the oath of office in 1933. Within the first hundred days in office FDR won his first New Deal, he closed banking legislation, he ended prohibition by legalizing the sale of beer and wine, and he slashed government spending by cutting half of a billion dollars in scheduled payments to veterans and federal employees. The New Deal was thought of after the Great Depression. FDR’s New Deal was social and economic programs during the Great Depression. These programs are still a part of our lives today. The goals of the New Deal were giving relief to the helpless, reforming the financial systems, and recovering the economy from the Great Depression that they just had. They achieved relief and reform but they only recovered a little. When it comes to the banking industry, FDR reopened banks the largest and more stable banks first with governments standing behind them. Gradually banks opened back up and the crisis was finally over. Congressed passed multiple acts in this time frame: Agricultural Adjustment Act, Civilian Conservation Corps, Tennessee Valley Authority, Home Owners Loan Corporation, The Federal Emergency Relief Administration, Glass-Steagall banking Act, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, National Industry Recovery Act, Public Works Administration, Civil Works Administration, and National Recovery Administration. Agricultural Adjustment Act is an act that controlled seven basic crops. This act was supporting farmers and limiting supplies because farmers were offered payments for taking some of their land from farming which in hand limited how much supply they could grow. Civilian Conservation Corp is a...
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